report

RV Financials, Part 2: Understanding RV Depreciation

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Your RV Will Depreciate

When you’re thinking about buying an RV—whether you expect to be financing it or not—the second most important thing you need to understand after RV pricing is how an RV depreciates.

RV’s, like cars, depreciate in value constantly over time. The better and more popular designs might hold their value much longer than more cheaply made RV’s, but you must understand that all RV’s depreciate.

Because of this continual devaluation of any RV, you need to understand how RV depreciation actually works. But sad to say, you will not find a rock-solid table of projected rates of depreciation for any RV model.

One of the problems with looking for a depreciation table for all RV’s is the fact that each RV depreciates differently over time and this depreciation is often affected by a number of economic issues.

Before you go on reading please read Part 1 of this series to learn the special terms and sources for establishing the values of RV's.

Critical Facts That Affect RV Value and Depreciation

Here are some depreciation-related facts that you can use when you are shopping for an RV and are ready to begin your negotiations on a particular RV.

  1. A new RV drops in value by around 30% when you drive it off of the lot.
  2. No one pays the list price for an RV. It just isn't done, expect to pay less.
  3. In fact, you should expect the dealer to offer a new RV to you at a discount of at least 5% up to as much as 25%. If not, find another dealer.
  4. On average, by the end of the sixth year of an RV’s life, you can expect your RV to be worth about half of what it cost new.
  5. Depreciation of an RV stops when the depreciated value equals its estimated scrap value.
  6. A 20-year-old Winnebago, Bounder, or one of the other popular brands of motorhomes can still be worth as much as $4,000 to $6,000, if it is in Good to Excellent condition.
  7. The rare Classic RV’s will actually stop depreciating eventually and begin appreciating in value at some point in their lifetime, if they are kept in excellent condition.
  8. Economic conditions and fuel prices are the two most prominent causes of large changes in the depreciated values of an RV, especially the larger models of motorhomes.

Depreciation Data Selection Process

As mentioned, you will not find a standard table of annual depreciation rates that applies to all RV’s under all conditions.

But, if you take several popular motorhomes that are relatively similar, and have been produced over the past dozen years or so, you can come up with some interesting numbers from the history of these motorhomes.

The data you will see was selected and is presented as described here;

  1. I went through the NADA data and selected two models of motorhomes, a 35-foot Fleetwood Bounder and a 35-foot Winnebago Adventurer with comparable accessories included.
  2. Both of these models are quality 35-foot-long motorhomes that have been built for decades and are popular with the average motorhome buyers.
  3. I avoided using the lower end and the higher end manufacturers motorhomes to get what is hopefully a more realistic set of examples for models that had higher sales volumes.
  4. I used the Original List Price and the BASE Average Retail Values for each model over the past 13 years, and when a model was discontinued, I selected the appropriate replacement model for each manufacturer.
  5. Mileage on used motorhomes can add significantly to the depreciated value, but I used “0” mileage when I pulled the data from NADA. Keep in mind this means the real values could be even lower, if the true mileage on a used one is significant.
  6. I added no accessories or options other than what is assumed in the BASE unit listed for each model by NADA.
  7. Certain added options and accessories can increase your used RV's depreciated value, but always avoid duplicating options that were already part of your motorhome when new.

The Value and Depreciation Data Used

So, if you look at my data tables below you can immediately see some similarities in the rates of depreciation change over the past dozen years that should be good for estimating what you own new or relatively new motorhome might be worth as it ages.

By using the two units selected and calculating the averages of the average values, the numbers you see are buffered a bit and, hopefully, are a little more significant for understanding why and by how much your own used RV is presently valued.

With enough data on enough different RVs a more relevant curve of depreciations could be generated, but as mentioned, for efficiency's sake, I am only using a few motorhomes.

Strange Depreciation Values Noticed

Here are a few facts that may help the reader understand the shifts in depreciation values in the past dozen years;

  • In the 2008-2010 timeframe the recession and the radical changes in the economy seriously affected the values of ALL RV's and specifically motorhomes built and sold during that period of time.
  • Most manufacturers will only run a specific model for 4-5 years before they replace it with a newer design, which invariably is priced differently from previous similar models. So you will see data on several models over the years for each manufacturer.

Data Analysis Assumptions

So, to get a reasonable table showing real expectations of depreciation, I should explain the real data you see for the motorhomes I had selected;

  • Because RV values change regularly over time, the values used here are directly from the NADA site taken in November of 2016.
  • The remaining year-by-year Average Retail Values and the resulting depreciation values used are based on the data presented by NADA.
  • The calculated Depreciation equals one year's NADA Average Retail Value versus the previous year's NADA Average Retail Value.

Data Tables and Explanations

Using these assumptions, I generated the three tables of data you see in this report.

Table 1. Fleetwood Bounder

This table reflects the original LIST price and the BASE NADA Average Retail Values for a 35-foot Fleetwood Bounder. The data shown is for the years 2016 back to 2003, along with the calculated percentage change in the Average Retail value shown as %-Depreciation for each year.

Table 2. Winnebago Adventurer

This table reflects the original LIST price and the BASE NADA Average Retail Values for a 35-foot Winnebago Adventurer. The data shown is for the years 2016 back to 2003, along with the calculated percentage change in the Average Retail value shown as % Depreciation for each year.

Table-3 - Averages of Averages

This table reflects using the data in Table 1 and Table 2 and then averaging these numbers to hopefully give a more buffered view of what might be expected across other equivalent models.

Chart 1. Graphic Data

This chart is a graphic representation of the data in Table 3 and gives a more clear picture of the averaged changes in the List prices, the present Value and the averaged percentage of change in value.

Averages of Values and Depreciation for Fleetwood Bounder and Winnebago Adventurer

RV Average Values, Average List Price, Average of Average Retail Values, and Average percent depreciation from the previous year.
RV Average Values, Average List Price, Average of Average Retail Values, and Average percent depreciation from the previous year. | Source

Table 3. Average Values and Depreciations of 2 RV's

Year
Year #
Avg. List Price
Avg. Avg. Retail Value
Avg. Avg. Depreciation Rate
2016
0
164017
$130,200
20.6%
2015
1
158821.5
$112,975
13.1%
2014
2
154341.5
$102,450
9.2%
2013
3
152,564
$94,125
8.1%
2012
4
149,093
$86,650
7.9%
2011
5
144,336
$82,875
4.3%
2010
6
143,662
$71,750
13.4%
2009
7
135,367
$64,575
10.0%
2008
8
133,822
$58,450
9.8%
2007
9
129,269
$54,150
7.5%
2006
10
127,938
$48,885
9.5%
2005
11
121,309
$40,525
17.0%
2004
12
114,036
$33,750
16.4%
2003
13
110,505
$30,375
10.0%
Table-3 The Averages of the Values and Depreciations for comparable RV's, Fleetwood Bounder and Winnebago Adventurer

Table 1. Fleetwood Bounder Data

Year
Bounder Model
List
Avg.Retail Value
Y-to-Y % Loss
2016
35K
147736
117300
20.6%
2015
35K
145485
103450
11.8%
2014
35K
144200
95150
8.0%
2013
35K
142527
87500
8.0%
2012
35K
140567
80550
7.9%
2011
35H
135737
77300
4.0%
2010
35H
138509
67750
12.4%
2009
35H
132181
60950
10.0%
2008
35H
120610
51700
15.2%
2007
35E
116578
47000
9.1%
2006
35E
113533
43200
8.1%
2005
35E
110047
36250
16.1%
2004
35E
106876
31250
13.8%
2003
35E
106623
28200
9.8%
Fleetwood Bounder NADA List, Retail and Depreciation Values

Table 2. Winnebago Adventurer Data

Year
Adventurer Model
List
Avg.Retail Value
Y-to-Y % Loss
2016
35P
180298
143100
20.6%
2015
35P
172158
122500
14.4%
2014
35P
164483
109750
10.4%
2013
35P
162602
100750
8.2%
2012
35P
157620
92750
7.9%
2011
35P
152935
88450
4.6%
2010
35P
148815
75750
14.4%
2009
35A
138553
68200
10.0%
2008
35A
147034
65200
4.4%
2007
35A
141961
61300
6.0%
2006
35A
142344
54570
11.0%
2005
35A
132572
44800
17.9%
2004
35U
121197
36250
19.1%
2003
35U
114387
32550
10.2%
Winnebago Adventurer NADA List, Retail and Depreciation Values

How to Use This data

The data shown is not guaranteed to be useable depreciation projections across the board of all manufactured RV’s, or even motorhomes, but it does reflect the reality of year-to-year variations on a pair of very popular motorhomes made by quality manufacturers.

The data presented here should reflect just how these depreciation values on these two very popular models of motorhomes have varied in the past and how such things can occur and affect your actual RV value as it ages.

I suggest that you can and should use this table data as just another reference tool for your financial decision making when you are considering buying or selling an RV.

Examining the data closely, you will see that, assuming a healthy RV marketplace, after the first year, you should expect to see your RV value, if kept in excellent condition, to drop regularly over the following 4-6 years, at which point it should be worth approximately half of its original value when it was new.

So, most depreciation rates should be close to what is shown, while as your RV gets older, the rate of depreciation will definitely continue to change but always remember, the economy has a significant effect on the value of any RV.

NOTE: Again, please remember, some RV’s are higher quality units and will retain their value longer than others that might have inherent design problems or quality issues which force their values to depreciate at higher rates.

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Comments 4 comments

billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 weeks ago from Olympia, WA

Passing this along to my friend. Thanks for the information, Don!


Don Bobbitt profile image

Don Bobbitt 2 weeks ago from Ruskin Florida Author

Bill - Thanks for the comment and share.

This series has taken a lot of research as well as a bit of spreadsheet work I haven't done in a very long time.

I hope this helps someone.

DON


Rick 2 weeks ago

Hi Don --- this is good stuff! I made a weak attempt to do this very thing a few weeks ago but gave up. Thanks for sharing your work. Looking forward to seeing the rest of the articles in this series.


Don Bobbitt profile image

Don Bobbitt 2 weeks ago from Ruskin Florida Author

Rick - I'm glad you like it. I had to do a bit of research but, I think this can help people.

DON

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