How Much Can You Afford to Pay for an RV?
Do you know how much you can afford to pay for a recreational vehicle?
Sales of motor homes, trailers and campers are at an all time high.
Since prices have skyrocketed in recent years, one has to assume that people are buying in record numbers because that they can finance their purchases.
This seems to be the American way, but when it comes to high priced items, it is also financially risky, especially when it comes to depreciating assets such as motor homes, travel trailers and campers.
For this reason, it can pay you to do a bit of math so that you can make sure that what you'll be able to afford the coach you want to buy.
Owning Any Recreational Vehicle Is Expensive
RVs can cost tens of thousands, sometimes hundreds of thousands, of dollars. The ability to finance makes ownership relatively easy, but this does not erase the fact coaches cost a lot of money.
However, the expenses go far beyond the initial selling price. Even those who pay cash are not protected from the large amounts they will have to pay to
- travel in
- and maintain
a travel unit.
Prices for items such as these can be much higher than people realize and is the reason that potential owners need to research potential expenses prior to making a purchase.
For example, replacing six tires on a smaller motor home with a reasonably priced brand can easily cost as much as $3,000!
How Much Do New RVs Cost?
Prices of new coaches vary depending on what you are buying and where it is located.
For example, if you buy in Southern California, you will pay much more for a unit than if you make a purchase in Central Florida, and if you are buying a small pull trailer it will cost less than a large motor home.
No matter where you buy, you will pay more for a motor home than you will for a fifth wheel or standard pull trailer, and these will cost more than fold out and truck campers.
Larger vehicles with many amenities will always cost more than smaller ones of the same ilk, but sometimes the prices of even the smallest units will surprise you.
For example, Airstream just came out with a small motor home that is not much larger than a van, but it sells for just under $140,000. (You can see pricing for their other new units by reading Are Airstream RVs As Good As They Say?)
Diesel Pusher motor homes will generally cost more than gas run units of the same year, but either type, when purchased new, will run well above $90,000 depending on quality and brand.
Extremely high end pushers can cost up to $3,000,000! (If you want to see what some of them look like, read Traveling in Style with The Most Expensive Motor Homes in the World)
Obviously these luxury coaches are not for the average person, but many people these days do purchase new diesel motor homes in the $200,000 plus range, and pay $100,000 or more for gas coaches.
Used RV Prices Are Another Story, Maybe
When potential buyers see these kinds of prices for new units, they immediately start looking for pre owned vehicles because they are making the natural assumption that they will cost much less.
Unfortunately, this is not always the case.
As prices for new RVs continue to rise, the same thing happens with used ones. Thus, a decent quality diesel pusher that cost $200,000 ten years ago, today will still cost upwards of $90,000 now due to the overall increase in pricing.
For this reason, people sometimes must look more seriously at much older or lower quality coaches than they might otherwise have wanted to buy. However, they should take into consideration that such units will most likely need more maintenance and repair.
Having said this I would be remiss if I did not add that people who take their time and do their research can still find good quality used coaches for much less.
The motor home we own right now cost us just under $20,000 and was 13 years old when we bought it. We've had it for four years and have put $5,000 into upgrades and repairs with my husband providing the main portion of labor.
It's in like new condition, runs great, is comfortable and has been a great investment for us. You can find information about it in this review.
The point here is that if you pay attention to what you are doing and evaluate carefully, you can still buy good, affordable recreational vehicles at reasonable prices.
The Typical Cost of Financing a New Diesel Pusher
Since it is impossible to give an accurate count of what it can cost to purchase a recreational vehicle, let’s take a sampling of what someone will pay to purchase a new, mid range diesel pusher with an asking price of $200,000.
If this vehicle is financed over a 15 year period, and the buyer makes a down payment of 10% and finds an interest rate of 4.25%., let's find out how affordable this coach really is. (These would be the approximate financials when buying at a bank at today’s interest rates.)
The monthly payment after paying the initial $20,000 down payment would be $1354.10 per month or $16,249.20 per year or a total cost of $243,738.00 over the entire life of the loan.
This means that exclusive of all other costs, this beautiful new diesel pusher would cost its owner $63,783 more than the original asking price or almost 32% more than he had planned on paying.
How Depreciation Impacts Your Costs
Few people realize the accelerated rate at which RVs depreciate. Generally speaking, they lose 20% of their sales price the second you drive them off the dealership’s lot and approximately 5% per year thereafter.
So, once you close the deal, your $200,000 coach is only worth $180,000. At the end of the first year, it will be worth approximately $$171,000. At the end of 15 years, the approximate market value of your unit will be $87,871. This assumes that your coach is in good condition and has relatively low miles on the engine.
How to Know What an RV Is Worth? gives more information about how to determine the true worth of a recreational vehicles.
After 15 years, you will have paid off your loan, but the market value of your unit will have gone down 44%.
If you want to sell it, you may be lucky enough to find a buyer who is willing to pay almost $88,000 for your coach, but he will have to pay cash, because most banks will not finance units that are 15 years old.
Unfortunately, not many people have that much cash , so most are likely to buy from a dealer who will finance a coach of this age, but at a higher interest rate and for a shorter period of time.
If you want to make a trade, you can only expect to get about half of the retail value, or $44,000. Furthermore, you cannot expect a seller to buy your unit outright. He won’t, because doing he is in business to sell, not buy.
Of course, a less expensive unit will not create as big a financial hit and may give you more flexibility when it comes time to get rid of it, but you still will lose money unless you get lucky.
As you can see, depreciation is the "elephant in the room" that nobody tells you about.
Now that you know more, you should be able to see why buying any RV will eventually cost you more than you had planned on paying.
The Big Question You Should Ask Before You Buy
Most people do not think about affordability beyond the asking price when it comes to making this type of vehicle purchase, but as you can see, there is much more involved than the initial cost.
Anybody thinking of purchasing, new or used, should give careful consideration to what I have written here and ask himself whether what he wants to do is affordable.
Affordable means knowing that you will have enough money to pay for all of the expenses involved in ownership for the entire time you have your unit and realizing that buying a coach can lead to substantial financial losses down the road.
I have given specific guidelines for reducing many of those costs in my other articles, but in the end, you need to understand that you will still lose money.
If you are willing to accept the consequences of buying a unit, then go for it. If not, you may want to find a more financially suitable means of vacationing.
While there is no better way to travel than by recreational vehicle, the level of comfort and freedom of doing this is expensive. Forewarned is Forearmed.
Do you think buying an RV is worth the cost?
Questions & Answers
I've observed a trend that the higher quality RV's tend to hold their value, even if the RV is more than 10-15 years old. Is this fairly accurate when determining the value and worth of the purchase?
Higher quality RVs do tend to hold their values better if well maintained, but they still depreciate as fast as other types of coaches. I once bought a very high-end motorhome that cost more than $300,000 new for $39,000 out the door when it was 19 years old.
© 2015 Sondra Rochelle