Januaris is a webmaster and writer with a great passion for machines. He loves to write articles about cars and other automobiles.
In case you didn't know, electric cars (or generally electric vehicles) are automobiles that are propelled by electric motors. These types of motors use electrical energy, which mainly comes from batteries.
According to the manufacturers of electric vehicles (EVs), these cars use little to no fuel and pollute the environment less compared to conventional ones. They, therefore, help reduce climate change and allow people to save money on fuel.
That said, many people have been dealing with electric cars (ECs), but there are a number of things that they don’t know about the vehicles. Read on to learn about 10 real facts you didn't know about electric cars.
1. The First Electric Car Was Built in 1884
The vehicle was designed and built by Thomas Parker who was a London innovator in charge of the city's overhead tramways electrification. The innovator aimed at reducing the number of low fuel-efficient and environment-friendly cars on the roads with his EC which was fueled by high-capacity rechargeable batteries.
2. Electric Cars Were the Most Popular Automobiles in the 19th C. and early 20th C.
During this period, ECs were more convenient (easier to operate and more comfortable) than the gasoline ones. The internal combustion (IC) engine was in its early stages of development and could not efficiently propel automobiles. Tens of thousands of EVs were sold during this period, but later, their sales dropped significantly as a result of the introduction of gasoline cars with more advanced IC engines.
3. They Are More Expensive Than IC Engine Vehicles
The high cost of electric-powered cars is attributed to the additional cost of the batteries. Some battery packs cost as high as $800 per kWh. Due to these high battery costs, most people are reluctant to buy ECs. But some automakers have started to manufacture cheaper batteries, which is good news to people who want to buy these vehicles.
4. They Have Low Maintenance and Running Costs
ECs have fewer parts than gasoline cars, which means that they have fewer parts to maintain. Their costly batteries do not last forever, but they have a lifetime of many years something which keeps the replacement cost low. The overall energy consumption for these types of cars is also low. On average, an EC uses 0.18 kWh/mi which translates to 1.75 p/mi (pennies per mile). On the other side, a gasoline-powered one uses 10 p/mi.
5. Tesla Roadster EC Has the Highest Range per Charge (Year 2017)
The car can travel 240 miles per charge which is twice the range traveled by most ECs. It can be fully charged in 4 hours from a 220V, 70A outlet and it can gain 80 percent of the charge in about 30 minutes.
6. There Are Significant Carbon Emissions in the Production of Electric Cars
According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), more carbon emissions are generated in the production of ECs compared to conventional cars. Most of the emissions come from the battery production. However, the overall emissions are lower over the lifetime (from production to disposal) for these types of vehicles.
7. They Are Heavier Than Gasoline Cars, but Less Noisy
The cars' heavy weight, which is contributed by the batteries, makes them take longer to stop during braking and also keeps the occupants safer during collisions. On the side of noise, the occupants are usually free from noise disturbance because the vehicles do not use engines which are associated with noise.
8. There Are 6 Categories of Electric Cars/Vehicles
Battery EVs (BEVs)
- They run entirely on electric motors and batteries.
- They are recharged from a power grid.
- Their mileage range is 100-200 per charge.
Plug-in Hybrid EVs (PHEVs)
- They use rechargeable batteries, electric motors, and internal combustion engines.
- Their mileage range on electric mode is 30-40 per charge.
Hybrid EVs (HEVs)
- They use small electric batteries and internal combustion engines.
- Their batteries are charged by engines or through regenerative breaking.
- Their maximum acceleration is 40mph.
Extended-Range EVs (EREVs)
- They use rechargeable batteries and internal combustion engines.
- Their batteries are charged by engines or power grids.
- Their mileage range is 40 per charge.
Neighborhood EVs (NEVs)
- They use batteries that are recharged from a 120 volt grid.
- Their maximum speed is 30mph.
Non-Road EVs (NREVs)
- They use rechargeable batteries and electric motors.
- They are designed for manufacturing plants, seaports, and airports.
9. Renault-Nissan Alliance Is the Leading Electric Car Manufacturer (2017)
Renault-Nissan Alliance has sold over 450,000 ECs which represent about 60 percent of all ECs on the roads. The second and third best performing electric vehicle companies are Tesla Motors and Mitsubishi Motors respectively.
10. Nissan Leaf Is the Most Successful Electric Car (2017)
Released in the late 2010, Nissan Leaf has been sold in over 35 countries and has recorded global sales of more than 300,000 units. It has low maintenance and running costs. It uses 0.34 kWh/mi which is the same as 1.75 p/mi.
I hope you have learnt something new about electric cars, but there is one thing that people are worried about the vehicles. According to a survey carried out by a leading automobile manufacturer, most people think that EVs are not convenient and reliable. Some fear that the battery charge may run out before they reach their destinations. Others are worried about the difficulties of controlling the vehicles. But some goods news is that technologists and engineers across the world are researching on new innovations to improve the reliability and convenience of the vehicles.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
Questions & Answers
Question: How long does the average E.V / E.C take to charge from 0% to 100%?
Answer: It depends on the size of the battery and the speed of the charging point, and it can take 30 minutes or even 12 hours.
Question: Is an electric car good to get as your 1st car?
Answer: Yeah, because they are cheaper in terms of buying and running.
Question: Are electric cars safe?
Answer: Yeah, because the batteries add more weight which keeps the cars more stable, and also reduces the collision impact.
Question: Do electric cars use a lot of electricity?
Answer: Of, course yes! More than appliances and machines.
Question: What is the cost of running an electric car? I have a wattmeter on my charger for my Volt, and it uses about the same amount of electricity as my old refrigerator.
Answer: It depends on a number of factors including charging costs, traveling distance and type of the car. The charging cost is usually around 35p/kWh.
Question: How are they going to electrify long range lorries?
Answer: It can just work like in cars with heavy duty batteries plus many charging stations. But it can also go electric-train way.
Question: Do electric cars still emit pollution?
Answer: Just insignificant emissions, but there is a considerable amount of pollution in manufacturing.
Question: Is the electricity on electric cars the same I use to charge my phone?
Answer: Yeah, but with a higher voltage and current.
Question: If we would all have electric cars than that would be a lot of power that we don't have where would it come from?
Answer: We would generate more power!
© 2015 Januaris Saint Fores
yay on October 30, 2019:
This article is good
Ariana roberts on September 06, 2019:
cheers fam lovely speaking to you proper mad geeza innit.
Perry Kravec on April 03, 2019:
The load reduction of replacing lights to LEDs alone is enough to offset electric car charging on the grid... let alone the reduction of load of more efficient appliances... and many people are putting solar chargers for their electric cars. The grid is not affected by electric cars.
My commute is a little over 10 miles each way ... the same as probably 80% of commuters in Pgh. Many have much less. My wattmeter that measures the electricity usage of my charger indicates that It is costing me approx. $25 per month to run my first generation Chevy Volt. For 50 years I would go to the gas station every week or so to get approx. 16 gallons of gas. In 7 years of hard hilly city commuting I have gone to the gas station 7 times to get 63 gallons of gas. Saving over 2000 gallons of gas... and 250 trips to the gas station. Not one problem with the Volt and the brakes are like new. I've owned and maintained cars for 50 years... no ICE car comes close the performance ... low maintenance and reliability of this Chevy Volt.
Januaris Saint Fores (author) from Intercontinental on March 21, 2019:
@JP it's less than a dollar, and the power comes from the normal grid with special charging stations. On the side of overloading, one or two cars may not cause problems, but if your neighborhood gets a large number of them, you will have to ask for a grid that's specifically for the cars.
JP on March 21, 2019:
How much does it cost to charge an EC per KWH. Where does that power comes from? And will my neighborhood electric power grid be able to handle the extra load if everyone gets an electric car?????
Januaris Saint Fores (author) from Intercontinental on January 10, 2019:
Go with the person and year mentioned by more sources!
Steel on January 09, 2019:
idk who made the first car any more cause on other webs it says its made in 1828, 1832 or even 1895... I'm so confused.
btw idk means I dont know and btw means by the way
Rosie on November 09, 2018:
this website is very interesting :)
hine on September 24, 2018:
Jacobb9205 on February 23, 2015:
No problem, Jan Saints
Januaris Saint Fores (author) from Intercontinental on February 23, 2015:
Thanks Jacobb9205 for your comment.
Jacobb9205 on February 17, 2015:
Interesting, thank you for posting!