10 Real Facts You Didn’t Know About Electric Cars
In case you didn't know, electric cars (or generally electric vehicles) are automobiles that are propelled by electric motors. These types of motors use electrical energy which mainly comes from batteries.
According to the manufacturers of electric vehicles (EVs), the vehicles use little or no fuel and pollute the environment less compared to the conventional ones. They therefore help reduce climate change and allow people to save money on fuel.
That said, many people have been dealing with electric cars (ECs), but there are a number of things that they don’t know about the vehicles. Read on to learn about 10 real facts you didn't know about electric cars.
1. The First Electric Car Was Built in 1884
The vehicle was designed and built by Thomas Parker who was a London innovator in charge of the city's overhead tramways electrification. The innovator aimed at reducing the number of low fuel-efficient and environment-friendly cars on the roads with his EC which was fueled by high-capacity rechargeable batteries.
2. Electric Cars were the Most Popular Automobiles in the 19th C. and early 20th C.
During this period, ECs were more convenient (easier to operate and more comfortable) than the gasoline ones. The internal combustion (IC) engine was in its early stages of development and could not efficiently propel automobiles. Tens of thousands of EVs were sold during this period, but later, their sales dropped significantly as a result of the introduction of gasoline cars with more advanced IC engines.
3. They are More Expensive than IC Engine Vehicles
The high cost of electric-powered cars is attributed to the additional cost of the batteries. Some battery packs cost as high as $800 per kWh. Due to these high battery costs, most people are reluctant to buy ECs. But some automakers have started to manufacture cheaper batteries, which is good news to people who want to buy these vehicles.
4. They have Low Maintenance and Running Costs
ECs have fewer parts than gasoline cars, which means that they have fewer parts to maintain. Their costly batteries do not last forever, but they have a lifetime of many years something which keeps the replacement cost low. The overall energy consumption for these types of cars is also low. On average, an EC uses 0.18 kWh/mi which translates to 1.75 p/mi (pennies per mile). On the other side, a gasoline-powered one uses 10 p/mi.
5. Tesla Roadster EC has the Highest Range per Charge (Year 2017)
The car can travel 240 miles per charge which is twice the range traveled by most ECs. It can be fully charged in 4 hours from a 220V, 70A outlet and it can gain 80 percent of the charge in about 30 minutes.
6. There are Significant Carbon Emissions in the Production of Electric Cars
According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), more carbon emissions are generated in the production of ECs compared to conventional cars. Most of the emissions come from the battery production. However, the overall emissions are lower over the lifetime (from production to disposal) for these types of vehicles.
7. They are Heavier than Gasoline Cars, but Less Noisy
The cars' heavy weight, which is contributed by the batteries, makes them take longer to stop during braking and also keeps the occupants safer during collisions. On the side of noise, the occupants are usually free from noise disturbance because the vehicles do not use engines which are associated with noise.
8. There are 6 Categories of Electric Cars/Vehicles
Battery EVs (BEVs)
- They run entirely on electric motors and batteries.
- They are recharged from a power grid.
- Their mileage range is 100-200 per charge.
Plug-in Hybrid EVs (PHEVs)
- They use rechargeable batteries, electric motors, and internal combustion engines.
- Their mileage range on electric mode is 30-40 per charge.
Hybrid EVs (HEVs)
- They use small electric batteries and internal combustion engines.
- Their batteries are charged by engines or through regenerative breaking.
- Their maximum acceleration is 40mph.
Extended-Range EVs (EREVs)
- They use rechargeable batteries and internal combustion engines.
- Their batteries are charged by engines or power grids.
- Their mileage range is 40 per charge.
Neighborhood EVs (NEVs)
- They use batteries that are recharged from a 120 volt grid.
- Their maximum speed is 30mph.
Non-Road EVs (NREVs)
- They use rechargeable batteries and electric motors.
- They are designed for manufacturing plants, seaports, and airports.
9. Renault-Nissan Alliance is the Leading Electric Car Manufacturer (2017)
Renault-Nissan Alliance has sold over 450,000 ECs which represent about 60 percent of all ECs on the roads. The second and third best performing electric vehicle companies are Tesla Motors and Mitsubishi Motors respectively.
10. Nissan Leaf is the Most Successful Electric Car (2017)
Released in the late 2010, Nissan Leaf has been sold in over 35 countries and has recorded global sales of more than 300,000 units. It has low maintenance and running costs. It uses 0.34 kWh/mi which is the same as 1.75 p/mi.
I hope you have learnt something new about electric cars, but there is one thing that people are worried about the vehicles. According to a survey carried out by a leading automobile manufacturer, most people think that EVs are not convenient and reliable. Some fear that the battery charge may run out before they reach their destinations. Others are worried about the difficulties of controlling the vehicles. But some goods news is that technologists and engineers across the world are researching on new innovations to improve the reliability and convenience of the vehicles.
Have you learnt a new fact about electric cars?
Concerning the future of EVs, do you think that electric cars can once again become more popular than the conventional ones?
© 2015 Januaris Saint Fores