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10 Things You Didn’t Know About Electric Cars

Fredrick is a webmaster and writer with a great passion for machines. He loves to write articles about cars and other automobiles.

Fun Facts About Electric Cars

In case you didn't know, electric cars (or, more generally, electric vehicles) are automobiles that are propelled by electric motors. These types of motors use electrical energy, which mainly comes from batteries.

According to the manufacturers of electric vehicles (EVs), these cars use little to no fuel and pollute the environment less compared to conventional ones. They, therefore, help reduce climate change and allow people to save money on fuel.

That said, many people have been dealing with electric cars (ECs), but there are a number of things that they don’t know about the vehicles. Read on to learn about 10 facts you didn't know about electric cars.

1. The First Electric Car Was Built in 1884

The vehicle was designed and built by Thomas Parker who was a London innovator in charge of the city's overhead tramways electrification. The innovator aimed at reducing the number of low fuel-efficient and environment-friendly cars on the roads with his EC, which was fueled by high-capacity rechargeable batteries.

During this period, ECs were more convenient (easier to operate and more comfortable) than the gasoline ones. The internal combustion (IC) engine was in its early stages of development and could not efficiently propel automobiles. Tens of thousands of EVs were sold during this period, but later, their sales dropped significantly as a result of the introduction of gasoline cars with more advanced IC engines.

3. They Are More Expensive Than IC Engine Vehicles

The high cost of electric-powered cars is attributed to the additional cost of batteries. Some battery packs cost as high as $800 per kWh. Due to these high battery costs, most people are reluctant to buy ECs. But some automakers have started to manufacture cheaper batteries, which is good news for people who want to buy these vehicles.

4. They Have Low Maintenance and Running Costs

ECs have fewer parts than gasoline cars, which means that they have fewer parts to maintain. Their costly batteries do not last forever, but they have a lifetime of many years something which keeps the replacement cost low. The overall energy consumption for these types of cars is also low. On average, an EC uses 0.18 kWh/mi which translates to 1.75 p/mi (pennies per mile). On the other side, a gasoline-powered one uses 10 p/mi.

5. Tesla Roadster EC Has the Highest Range per Charge (Year 2017)

The car can travel 240 miles per charge, which is twice the range traveled by most ECs. It can be fully charged in four hours from a 220V, 70A outlet and it can gain 80 percent of the charge in about 30 minutes.

6. There Are Significant Carbon Emissions in the Production of Electric Cars

According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), more carbon emissions are generated in the production of ECs compared to conventional cars. Most of the emissions come from battery production. However, the overall emissions are lower over the lifetime (from production to disposal) for these types of vehicles.

7. They Are Heavier Than Gasoline Cars, but Less Noisy

The weight of electric cars, which is primarily a product of batteries, makes them take longer to stop during braking and also keeps the occupants safer during collisions. Noise-wise, the occupants are usually free from noise disturbance because the vehicles do not use engines that generate a lot of sound.

8. There Are Six Categories of Electric Cars/Vehicles

The six categories of EVs are as follows:

Battery EVs (BEVs)

  • They run entirely on electric motors and batteries.
  • They are recharged from a power grid.
  • Their mileage range is 100-200 per charge.

Plug-in Hybrid EVs (PHEVs)

  • They use rechargeable batteries, electric motors, and internal combustion engines.
  • Their mileage range on electric mode is 30-40 per charge.
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Hybrid EVs (HEVs)

  • They use small electric batteries and internal combustion engines.
  • Their batteries are charged by engines or through regenerative braking.
  • Their maximum acceleration is 40mph.

Extended-Range EVs (EREVs)

  • They use rechargeable batteries and internal combustion engines.
  • Their batteries are charged by engines or power grids.
  • Their mileage range is 40 per charge.

Neighborhood EVs (NEVs)

  • They use batteries that are recharged from a 120-volt grid.
  • Their maximum speed is 30mph.

Non-Road EVs (NREVs)

  • They use rechargeable batteries and electric motors.
  • They are designed for manufacturing plants, seaports, and airports.

9. Renault-Nissan Alliance Is the Leading Electric Car Manufacturer (2017)

Renault-Nissan Alliance has sold over 450,000 ECs, which represents about 60 percent of all ECs on the roads. The second and third best performing electric vehicle companies are Tesla Motors and Mitsubishi Motors respectively.

10. Nissan Leaf Is the Most Successful Electric Car (2017)

Released in the late 2010s, Nissan Leaf has been sold in over 35 countries and has recorded global sales of more than 300,000 units. It has low maintenance and running costs. It uses 0.34 kWh/mi which is the same as 1.75 p/mi.

Conclusion

I hope you learned something new about electric cars.

In closing, I'll share one thing that worries people about these vehicles: According to a survey carried out by a leading automobile manufacturer, most people think that EVs are not convenient and reliable. Some fear that the battery charge may run out before they reach their destinations. Others are worried about the difficulties of controlling the vehicles.

But some good news is that technologists and engineers across the world are researching new ways to improve the reliability and convenience of the vehicles.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

Question: Do electric cars use a lot of electricity?

Answer: Of, course yes! More than appliances and machines.

Question: Are electric cars safe?

Answer: Yeah, because the batteries add more weight which keeps the cars more stable, and also reduces the collision impact.

Question: Is an electric car good to get as your 1st car?

Answer: Yeah, because they are cheaper in terms of buying and running.

Question: How long does the average E.V / E.C take to charge from 0% to 100%?

Answer: It depends on the size of the battery and the speed of the charging point, and it can take 30 minutes or even 12 hours.

Question: What is the cost of running an electric car? I have a wattmeter on my charger for my Volt, and it uses about the same amount of electricity as my old refrigerator.

Answer: It depends on a number of factors including charging costs, traveling distance and type of the car. The charging cost is usually around 35p/kWh.

Question: How are they going to electrify long range lorries?

Answer: It can just work like in cars with heavy duty batteries plus many charging stations. But it can also go electric-train way.

Question: Do electric cars still emit pollution?

Answer: Just insignificant emissions, but there is a considerable amount of pollution in manufacturing.

Question: Is the electricity on electric cars the same I use to charge my phone?

Answer: Yeah, but with a higher voltage and current.

Question: If we would all have electric cars than that would be a lot of power that we don't have where would it come from?

Answer: We would generate more power!

© 2015 Fredrick JS

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