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Meaning of Common OBDII "Check Engine" Codes on the Toyota Camry

Updated on October 16, 2017
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Hardlymoving writes about do-it-yourself maintenance and repair of the '91-'01 Toyota Camry, one of the finest four-door sedans ever made.

Camry OBDII Input Port
Camry OBDII Input Port | Source

Where Fault Codes Come From

This article will address the most common error or "fault" codes that trigger the illumination of the "Check Engine" light on the four-cylinder Camry.

All modern automobile engines are managed by an on-board computer, commonly called an Electronic Control Module (ECM) or Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM controls both the engine and the transmission. It generates the error codes or fault codes we talk about here.

Electrical inputs go to the PCM from sensors located throughout the engine compartment. The PCM processes the inputs (in milliseconds) and sends electrical signals (voltage) to electronically controlled valves and relays to make the engine behave in a predictable manner. When all of these engine control devices are working in harmony with the PCM, the fuel economy, emissions and overall driveability of the Camry perform at optimum levels.

When the PCM expects electrical input signals from the sensors but doesn't receive them, doesn't receive them fast enough, or doesn't receive them in the voltage range it expects, the PCM generates a fault code and stores it. The yellow "Check Engine" light comes on to inform the driver of the Camry about the fault.

If multiple output sensors fail, the various fault codes will accumulate in the PCM until the problem has been identified and fixed and the fault code(s) erased.

Besides sensor failures, the failure of input control valves and relays (which get PCM instruction data via electrical current) will generate fault codes as well.

There are both generic and vehicle-specific fault codes. Generic fault codes are common to all vehicles that use the OBDII (On-board Diagnosis Version II) system based on SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) and Federal EPA standards. Vehicle-specific codes are additional codes added by the auto manufacturer to address specific vehicle functions not common with other vehicle makes and models.

Common Sensors That Give Input to the ECM

  • Oxygen Sensor (O2) (at least two)
  • Crankshaft Position Sensor
  • Camshaft Position Sensor
  • Air/Fuel Sensor (in California cars it replaces one of the O2 sensors)
  • Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor
  • Intake Air Temperature Sensor
  • Throttle Position Sensor
  • Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor
  • Vehicle Speed Sensor
  • Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valve Position Sensor
  • Power Steering Pressure Switch
  • Transaxle Sensors

Common Valves, Sensors and Devices That Receive Output From the ECM

  • Ignition Coils
  • Fuel Injectors
  • Idle Air Control Valve
  • EVAP Vacuum Switching Valve
  • Vapor Pressure Sensor

Camry ODBII Port Location

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ODBII Interface Port Location underneath the panel below the steering column.Camry ODBII Interface Port
ODBII Interface Port Location underneath the panel below the steering column.
ODBII Interface Port Location underneath the panel below the steering column.
Camry ODBII Interface Port
Camry ODBII Interface Port

5 Problems That Commonly Cause Fault Codes in the Camry

The fault codes generated by the OBDII only indicate possibilities: a possible problem or set of problems that requires attention. To identify a specific cause, in the absence of some expensive analysis tools, may require component testing as well as trial and error.

Some repair facilities, including dealerships, take the "shotgun" approach—which is to replace every possible item that may have caused the fault code to go on. Their focus is to avoid revisiting the problem and having to deal with you, the customer, more than once. In other words, why spend two hours identifying a problem whose solution might require merely cleaning a part, or replacing a $10 part? However, some of these parts can cost hundreds of dollars.

These are the most common types of fault codes have encountered with the Camry, along with their remedies. In this list, X = a number from 0 through 9.

  1. P013X and/or P015X with P113X. The O2 sensor (Oxygen) or Air/Fuel sensor (California emission cars) has gone bad. O2 sensors are wear items and do not last forever. They usually go bad approaching 80,000 miles. Just buy a new one and replace it. They can't be cleaned. Going a few months without replacement runs the risk of destroying the catalytic converter. When the ECM gets a weak or inconsistent signal from the upstream 02 sensor (the one before the catalytic conveter), the ECM will send an "enrich fuel" signal command to the fuel injectors so that an overly lean air/fuel mixture won't overheat the engine. Fuel economy will significantly deteriorate. And when the combustion exhaust gases containing unburned fuel pass into the catalytic converter, the converter will overheat in the process of continuously burning combustible pollutants. In time the converter will burn out. When buying a new 02 or Air/Fuel sensor, get Denso or NGK. Bosch sensors don't seem to work well in Hondas only last a couple of years with Toyotas. The warranty period for most electronic components is 90 days to 1 year.
  2. P044X. Determine if your fuel cap is loose. If that doesn't fix it, then it's probably the VSV valve (part of the EVAP system) attached to the charcoal canister that has gone bad.
  3. P030X. A spark plug or spark plug wire is bad. I've seen wires go bad when wire clips were broken off during spark plug replacement. The wire(s) then rest on the hot valve cover and get slowly destroyed by the heat. In a worst case scenario, the check engine light will blink continuously; this indicates the car should be serviced as soon as possible or the catalytic converter will go bad in short order. Multiple P030X or the "Random Cylinder Misfire" code usually indicate a bad coil pack. Since coil packs are expensive, the ignition wires are a good starting point for replacement. You can't use the old voltage resistance test to test ignition wires that use the new technology.
  4. P0420. This may indicate a bad "downstream" (after the catalytic converter) 02 sensor (which monitors the efficiency of the catalytic converter) or it may mean a bad catalytic converter. It is all guesswork in the absence of an exhaust analysis tool (like what they have at DMV) to determine the efficiency of the converter. Here's an article with a possible fix for the P0420 problem.
  5. P0401 and P0402. This one can be a little tricky. Either the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) valve requires replacement, or the VSV (Vacuum Switching Valve - EVAP system component) isn't working properly. Replacing the EGR valve (which isn't cheap) may not resolve the problem unless the VSV valve is also replaced. The purpose of the EGR valve is to recycle a small amount of engine exhaust back into the air/fuel mixture to keep the exhaust temperature from rising high enough to produce too much of a pollutant called nitrogen oxide. The possible cheap solution: mixing 4 ounces of Marvel Mystery Oil with every 10 gallons of fuel may resolve the problem after a few tank fill-ups.

To Buy or Not To Buy an OBDII Code Reader

ODBII standards were implemented in 1994 to replace ODBI. We don't know of any ODBIII on the horizon.

OBDII code readers have significantly come down in price compared to a few years ago. A basic reader to just extract and reset the code is around $30. A reader that gives the text description accompanying the code is around $50. Car dealers charge around $50+ for each reading.

But most automotive retail parts stores will download and reset the code(s) for you for free. Why have your own reader? It's nice to have your own reader if you intend on owning a motor vehicle for a while, but it's like buying a wrench—you don't need to use it all the time.

Once the reader or the parts store has identified the fault code, go on the internet to get the fault description with some possible solutions to investigate.

Sometimes the fault codes are anomalies; after you reset the code, it never comes back on. But if the code quickly reappears, then some maintenance work is in order. In either case, you have avoided at least one trip to the dealership, repair shop or parts store.

One method of resetting fault codes without trying to find out what the codes were is to disconnect the car's battery...if re-entering your car's radio stations and anti-theft code isn't a hassle.

The Meaning of the Digits in the OBDII Fault Code

Position
Value
Definition
1
P
Powertrain
2
0, 1
0 = All Manufacturers (generic)
 
 
1 = Specific Manufacturer
3
1
Emission System
 
2
Fuel Injector Problem
 
3
Engine Misfire / Ignition Problems
 
4
Emission Control
 
5
Speed and Idle Control
 
6
Computer
 
7
Transmission
 
8
Transmission

Non-Manufacturer-Specific Fault Codes

Code
Description
P0100
Mass airflow (MAF) sensor circuit manfunction
P0101
Mass airflow (MAF) circuit range/performance problem
P0105
Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor circuit malfunction
P0106
Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor malfunction
P0110
Intake Air Temperature (IAT) sensor circuit malfunction
P0115
Engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor circuit malfunction
P0116
Engine coolant temperature circuit range/performance problem
P0120
Throttle/pedal position sensor (TPS) circuit malfunction
P0121
Throttle/pedal position sensor (TPS) range/performance problem
P0125
Insufficient coolant temperature for closed loop fuel control
P0128
Thermostat malfunction
P0130
Heated oxygen sensor circuit malfunction (bank 1, sensor 1)
P0133
Heated oxygen sensor slow
P0135
Heated oxygen sensor heater circuit malfunction (bank 1, sensor 1)
P0136
Heated oxygen sensor circuit malfunction (bank 1, sensor 2)
P0141
Heated oxygen sensor heater circuit malfunction (bank 1, sensor 2)
P0150
Heated oxygen sensor circuit malfunction (bank 2, sensor 1)
P0153
Heated oxygen sensor circuit slow response (bank 2, sensor 1)
P0155
Heated oxygen sensor heater circuit malfunction (bank 2, sensor 1)
P0171
System too lean
P0172
System too rich
P0174
System too lean (air/fuel lean malfunction, bank 2)
P0175
System too lean (air/fuel rich malfunction, bank 2)
P0300
Random or multiple cylinder misfire detected
P0301
Cylinder no. 1 misfire detected
P0302
Cylinder no. 2 misfire detected
P0303
Cylinder no. 3 misfire detected
P0304
Cylinder no. 4 misfire detected
P0305
Cylinder no. 5 misfire detected
P0306
Cylinder no. 6 misfire detected
P0325
Knock sensor 1 circuit malfunction (bank 1 on V6 Models)
P0330
Knock sensor 2 circuit malfunction (bank 2, V6 models only)
P0335
Crankshaft position sensor A circuit malfunction
P0340
Camshaft position sensor circuit malfunction
P0401
EGR insufficient flow detected
P0402
EGR excessive flow detected
P0420
Catalyst system efficiency below threshold
P0440
EVAP system malfunction
P0441
EVAP control system - incorrect purge flow
P0442
EVAP system - small leak detected
P0446
EVAP system - vent control malfunction
P0450
EVAP system - pressure system malfunction
P0451
EVAP system - pressure sensor range/performance problem
P0500
Vehicle speed sensor malfunction
P0505
Idle control system malfunction

Toyota-Specific Fault Codes

Code
Description
P1100
BARO Sensor Circuit
P1120
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor Circuit
P1121
Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor Range/Performance Problem
P1125
Throttle Control Motor Circuit
P1126
Magnetic Clutch Circuit
P1127
ETCS Actuator Power Source Circuit
P1128
Throttle Control Motor Lock
P1129
Electric Throttle Control System
P1130
Air/Fuel Sensor Circuit Range/Performance(Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P1133
Air/Fuel Sensor Circuit Response (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P1135
Air/Fuel Sensor Heater Circuit Response. (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
P1150
Air/Fuel Sensor Circuit Range/Performance. (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P1153
Air/Fuel Sensor Circuit Response. (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P1155
Air/Fuel Sensor Heater Circuit. (Bank 1 Sensor 2)
P1200
Fuel Pump Relay Circuit
P1300
Igniter Circuit Malfunction - No. 1
P1310
Igniter Circuit Malfunction - No. 2
P1335
No Crankshaft Position Sensor Signal - Engine Running
P1349
VVT System
P1400
Sub-Throttle Position Sensor
P1401
Sub-Throttle Position Sensor Range/Performance Problem
P1405
Turbo Pressure Sensor Circuit
P1406
Turbo Pressure Sensor Range/Performance Problem
P1410
EGR Valve Position Sensor Circuit Malfunction
P1411
EGR Valve Position Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
P1500
Starter Signal Circuit
P1510
Boost Pressure Control Circuit
P1511
Boost Pressure Low
P1512
Boost Pressure High
P1520
Stop Lamp Switch Signal Malfunction
P1565
Cruise Control Main Switch Circuit
P1600
ECM BATT Malfunction
P1605
Knock Control CPU
P1630
Traction Control System
P1633
ECM
P1652
Idle Air Control Valve Control Circuit
P1656
OCV Circuit
P1658
Wastegate Valve Control Circuit
P1661
EGR Circuit
P1662
EGR by-pass Valve Control Circuit
P1780
Park/Neutral Position Switch Malfunction (Only For A/T)

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