Dan Ferrell writes about do-it-yourself car maintenance and repair. He has certifications in automation and control technology.
Manual transmission problems can develop due to high mileage, abuse, or lack of proper maintenance. But they are rather rare. Most manual transmission issues originate not with the transmission itself, but from related components like the clutch assembly, linkage, or driveline: the components that transmit turning power from the transmission to the wheels. Also, as we discuss below, symptoms that seem to be coming from the transmission can come from unrelated parts of the car.
The key to diagnosing your manual transmission problem is to gather detailed information about the particular problem. For example, does the problem appear in only one of the gears, only at a certain speed, only when turning, only when downshifting, or after having serviced the clutch or another transmission component? Can you feel a vibration? Can you hear a clunking or grinding noise?
Symptoms of a Bad Transmission
Here are some symptoms that can indicate a worn-out transmission, each one of which we discuss below.
- Odd sounds (whirring, squealing, bumping, or thumping)
- Grinding noise
- Transmission jumps out of gear (into neutral)
- Difficulty shifting gears
- Car stuck in one gear
- Car that can't get into gear
- Leaking transmission oil
This guide will get you started on identifying the source of these problems. You'll need to investigate further and remember that manual transmission configurations can change from one model to the next.
Remember that this guide only deals with symptoms coming from the manual transmission (or transaxle) itself. Some symptoms that may appear to originate in the transmission actually come from the clutch (or another system), and vice versa. To get a more accurate diagnosis, take a look at the Bad Clutch Symptoms guide as well.
1. Odd Noises That May Come From the Transmission
The most common cause of a noisy transmission is insufficient oil, causing the gears or internal assembly to hum or whir. If a noisy transmission does have enough oil, the lubricant may be contaminated with metal shavings or particles.
Insufficient or contaminated oil may cause the transmission to become noisy in some or all of the gears. But if you hear noises in a specific gear, that gear's teeth or synchronizer may be worn or damaged.
Sources inside the transmission that can cause noise:
- A worn-out synchronizer
- The gears on the speedometer drive
- Misaligned transmission
- Flywheel pilot bearing
- A worn or damaged input shaft bearing, if your transmission makes noises only in neutral (sometimes a bumping sound)
- Worn-out gears
- Reverse idler gear
- Output shaft pilot bearing problems
- Metal shavings in the oil
Sources outside the transmission that can cause noise:
Some noises that seem to come from the transmission are actually coming from an outside though possibly related source. For example, if you hear a thumping noise when you accelerate or decelerate, check first for these problems before you blame the transmission:
- A loose or damaged engine or transmission mount
- A worn or damaged drive axle inner CV joint
- Problems with the differential case
Noises that manifest when turning could point to a problem with the CV joint. Knocking noises when driving at low speeds could come from the differential case or the CV joint. However, a worn bearing can also produce a knocking or thumping noise.
A Three-Step Test for Transmission Bearing Noises
That noise you keep hearing may come from a bearing. This three-step test is simple and can reveal problems with one or more transmission bearings.
- Fire up the engine and set the transmission to neutral. If you can hear a noise in neutral, suspect a worn-out input shaft bearing. Watch the video at the bottom of this article to see how internal problems can affect input shaft operation.
- Now, with the engine running, depress the clutch pedal just enough to remove the free play, to the point where you feel you need to apply force to the pedal to push it down further. You may need to push the pedal a little more. If you hear a squealing noise, you may have a worn out release bearing.
- Fully depress the clutch pedal to release the clutch. If you hear a whirring sound then, you probably are dealing with a bad pilot bearing.
2. The Transmission Makes a Grinding Noise
Problems with the transmission can also be revealed through a grinding noise.
A grinding noise may come from clashing gears. The clashing may happen because of worn or damaged gears, linkage problems due to wear or need of adjustment.
Other potential sources could be a worn or damaged synchronizer, shift fork, or rail and bearing shafts.
If you can hear the gears clashing only when downshifting, the problem may come from the synchronizer (too much play at the output shaft end).
However, a grinding noise may also come from a dragging clutch.
3. The Transmission Jumps Into Neutral
This seems to be a common problem on worn-out transmissions. You shift into gear, and the transmission jumps out of gear.
Once again, there could be other several causes for this problem, besides a worn-out transmission:
- A common problem is a worn out, stretched, or maladjusted shift linkage. A stretched linkage can be caused by a damaged engine or transmission mount. An external linkage can wear out or become loose and maladjusted, causing the transmission to jump out of gear. Look for rust and binding. You can try to adjust the linkage. But in most cases, you'll have to rebuild or replace that part of the assembly.
- You may be dealing with a weak or broken spring in the shift rail. In an internal shift linkage, the spring is part of the spring-loaded ball that locks the transmission into gear (detent). If the ball slips out of the notch, the transmission will jump out of gear.
- Also, you may be dealing with a worn-out pilot bearing (the gap causes the input shaft to vibrate, which causes the shift forks or synchronizers to move).
- You may have problems with a worn synchronizer or shift fork assembly or other internal components.
Other potential causes to keep in mind:
- Loose or misaligned transmission (possibly after service)
- Misaligned clutch housing
- Loose shifter cover
- Worn-out gear teeth
Note: When the transmission only jumps out of a high gear, check the clutch housing bolts for tightness, or the transmission for misalignment.
4. It's Hard to Shift Gears
This problem happens when you find it hard to move the shift lever from one gear to another. Usually, this points to a problem with a loose linkage, worn shift cables or worn bearings.
Pay attention to this: If you find it hard to change gears even with the engine not running, take a look at the linkage. If hard shifting only occurs when engine is running, check the clutch. If the transmission has been moved recently, check for misalignment.
Also, depending on your particular model, check the clutch hydraulic system and make sure it has no air. Check clutch adjustment as well.
Check the linkage. You may need to raise the vehicle and safely support it on jack stands or remove a component in order to make the inspection, depending on your vehicle model. You may need to remove a shift lever boot.
Get the help of an assistant to operate the linkage while you inspect the linkage, if necessary. Look for problems like binding, poor lubrication, misaligned components.
To remove components for inspection, consult your vehicle repair manual. Haynes is a good aftermarket manual: get the manual for your exact model.
Other causes for a hard-to-shift manual transmission include:
- Worn or loose internal components (shift fork, levers, shafts)
- Low oil level (or the wrong type of oil)
- Slipping clutch
- Misaligned transmission
- Failed pilot bearing or bushing
- Synchronizer problems
- Too much end play in the input shaft or main shaft
5. The Transmission Is Stuck in Gear
You may find that you can't get the transmission out of gear. This symptom may indicate:
- Low oil level or the wrong type of oil
- Problems with the linkage or shifter assembly. Look for maladjustment, or wear or damage to rods, bushings, or shifter arms.
- Internal components: shift rail, detents, forks or a stuck synchronizer sleeve
- Worn-out or broken drive gear teeth
- A stuck shift rail
- Misaligned transmission
6. The Transmission Won't Get Into Gear
When you have trouble getting the transmission into gear, inspect the shift linkage for adjustment, looseness or damage.
However, remember that failure to get into gear can also be caused by the clutch, if the clutch isn't fully releasing or has other problems. The clutch might need adjustment. Check my article on bad clutches. Also, consult your vehicle repair manual.
7. Leak From the Transmission
Manual transmission leaks can be caused by:
- bad or worn-out seals or gaskets,
- a damaged case or component,
- or even loose bolts.
To verify that a leak exists, first, check the transmission case and oil level. If it leaks after you just replaced the oil, you may have put too much. Consult your vehicle repair manual.
Locate the source of the leak. Inspect the transmission oil seal and the O-ring in the vehicle speed sensor.
Consult your vehicle repair manual for the proper procedure to replace seals, bearings, or gaskets. Some of these repairs don't require much work, and you may be able to do the job in your own garage with a few common tools.
Knowing about common manual transmission problems can help you diagnose your problems sooner, and possibly save money. This guide helps you identify and explore those common and not-so-common areas. Still, manual transmissions vary between models, so once you have an idea of the possible problem with your transmission, consult your model's vehicle repair manual to troubleshoot that particular issue. You may be able, in some cases, to do the repair yourself.
Also, keep in mind that it's not uncommon for some transmissions to suffer from design issues, like those in some 2012-2015 Mazda3, 2014-2015 Mazda6, and 2013-2015 CX-5 models with hard to shift or jumping out of gear problems. If necessary, check online for possible recalls or technical service bulletins (TBS) for your specific model or call your local dealer.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
Questions & Answers
Question: What should I do? After reversing, the shift lever easily gets into 1st gear position, but the car won't go forward, seems stuck in reverse. If after reverse put it in neutral and release the clutch, a clanging noise is heard, which can be felt in the clutch pedal, then shifts into 1st and go forward with no problem. Went to an authorized Audi repair shop, they replaced the clutch disk, plate and bearing but the problem remains. Now they say it's the flywheel and needs to be replaced.
Answer: Seems like the throw out bearing is not engaging properly. But this needs to be diagnosed properly.
Question: My 2017 Nissan Frontier has a hard time shifting from 2nd up into 3rd, down to 3rd from 4th is fine. It will sometimes grind a small bit. Do you know what might be causing this?
Answer: There could be a problem with a worn out hub gear for the third gear. This usually makes it hard to shift.
Question: I have a 2004 Toyota Corolla manual transmission. When I downshift from gear 2 to 1, a sort of flapping sound came up but stops when on neutral or not noticeable in gear 1. What could be the problem?
Answer: Check first for loose parts or components near the transmission, like loose exhaust hangers or transmission mounts. These are the usual sources. They may be there at higher gears but the sound might be muffled.
Question: My Scion XD is going in reverse only but not forward, any advice?
Answer: Usually low fluid levels can cause mechanical parts inside to seize. Also, check for a possible misadjustment or damage to the gearshift lever linkage. Other internal mechanical damage may also cause this problem. Hope this helps.
Question: I have a VW Velocity Golf 1.4 and my clutch is slipping because of an oil leak from the gearbox. What can be done to remove the oil?
Answer: People try different methods to clean oil-soaked clutches with different degree of success. It all depends on how much oil there is. With very little oil contamination, you may try brake cleaner, WD40, even carburetor cleaner. The small spots here and there may burn eventually. The best way is to replace it.
Question: I have a 2000 Toyota Celica. I installed a new clutch bearing but the sound didn't go away. It's still making a grinding sound in 1, 2, and 3 gears. And the oil had metal shavings in it. What's wrong?
Answer: There could be worn out blocker rings and synchronizers. If the metal shavings are gold colored, they may come from the blocker rings. Check out this other post:
Question: I'm having issues with my Audi manual gear shifting. The shifting gets harder when the car is warm. I have noticed that the shifting gets normal when the car is switched off, BTW. There are no weird sounds from the gearbox. Do you have any idea what can be wrong here?
Answer: Sometimes this is due to bad, contaminated fluid. A fluid flush may help. But you need to have the problem properly diagnosed.
Question: My 2009 Mitsubishi Lancer pops out of first gear half the time and grinds when downshifting to 2nd, what could be the problem?
Answer: Probably the gearshift mechanism is faulty. Usually, this is caused by worn or damaged detent plugs or springs failing to keep the gear locked in place. Other problems that can cause the gear to slip: faulty shift forks or rail; a worn clutch shaft or roller bearing; worn pilot bushing; bad synchronizer assembly.
Question: I have a 06 Scion. In first and second gear only you can literally feel the entire gear shift pull forward when accelerating. In second gear, it pulls so hard it drops to gear shift back into neutral. If I try to hold the gear shift in second, it grinds. Third, fourth and fifth are all fine. Do I need a new transmission?
Answer: There could be a number of things. Gearshift, shift fork or rail problems, clutch shaft or synchronizer assembly damage.
Question: My 98 Neon grinds when shifting into 1st and 2nd. There’s not any grinding sound. It just feels not smooth when shifting. Is this the CV joint? Or is it a transmission problem?
Answer: Usually CV joints will feel rough, produce a humming or growling noise when dry, and usually, the bearings will be worn. But make sure your gearbox has enough oil.
Question: My car has no gears. It began not going into 2nd. Then all bottom gears, 2nd, 4th and 6th; then all gears. Now the shifter just turns freely in circles. What could be the problem?
Answer: First check that there’s not a problem with the linkage. The shifter should be properly connected to it. Other possibility is an internal mechanical problem in the transmission.
Question: My car will shift into reverse but will start grinding when I start to back up and won’t go any further. It's a 98 VW Jetta. I am currently replacing the clutch but am wondering if the transmission or outer parts need to be replaced?
Answer: This could be a problem with the syncro, reverse idler bushings, or reverse idler gear. Sometimes, if this happens when shifting from Neutral to reverse, the problem is little clutch pedal free travel, or a sticking input shaft pilot bearing.
Question: I just had new bushings put on the 5-speed shift lever in my 1999 Chevy 1500 4x4. Now, when I pull the stick to the left to put it in 1st gear, there is a strange noise. Almost like synchros. You can feel it on the stick when you hold it to the left. Any ideas what happened?
Answer: Possibly there is some play between the shift lever and linkage.
Question: So when I let off of the gas of my car (but still in gear) at highway speeds (50 mph plus) there's a thumping and bumping noise. I can feel it very slightly! My question is, what would cause this? I have no other issues with shifting. I just noticed it happening today.
Answer: Usually, this type of noise comes from a worn universal joint; but other related issues that may cause noises during deceleration or even acceleration - axle bearings, or a worn transmission extension housing bushing.
Question: My 69' VW Beetle makes a grinding noise when trying to shift into 2nd gear. If I shift into 1st with the clutch pressed and then try 2nd again, it will go into it fine. Do you have any ideas as to what might the problem be?
Answer: Check the clutch linkage, there could be some binding. Another possibility is low oil or synchro worn.
Question: I have a 97 LS Integra with 134000 miles on it. It makes a grinding noise at roughly 3000-3600rpm, 4000-4300rpm, and 5000-6500rpm in all gears, as well as in neutral. Any ideas of what it can be?
Answer: There are several reasons for this: first make sure there's enough lubricant; worn bearings, gears or synchronizer can also cause this.
Question: Sometimes when I shift my 1999 f250, it feels like it goes in gear, but the check engine light comes on, and there is no throttle response or grinding when I let out the clutch. I try to go into different gears, and this usually works. It was doing it a little bit, and I changed the clutch. It worked great for a moment, then started doing the shift thing again and feels like it is getting worse. There is new fluid in the transmission and filled until it came out the side. Could it be a bad slave cylinder?
Answer: It's hard to say without a diagnostic, but check the shift linkage for adjustment. Before you do that, though, make sure to download the trouble codes from the computer memory. They can point you in the right direction if there is any store in there.
Question: I have a 2003 ford focus ZX3 hatchback 5-speed hydraulic clutch, replaced the clutch, plate and slave cylinder. Now while in neutral it first makes a high pitched squeaking noise, but quickly turns into a grinding noise. The sounds go away when the clutch is pressed and while in gear. I have bled the system. I then pumped the clutch for an hour per my mechanic's direction. Could my car's problem be the input shaft bearing or something else, like not being inline? It's hard to shift out of reverse as well.
Answer: Yes, it's possible the input shaft bearing (rear or front) are worn or damaged.
Question: I have a '96 Mustang V6 standard transmission. Why is it when I put it in reverse it's hard, and when backing up there is a popping sound and also hard to take out of reverse?
Answer: Sometimes, bad engine mounts may cause this type of problems. The engine seems to lose alignment with the transmission when engaging reverse.
Question: I think my manual transmission has a stuck shift rail. What are some things I can try to fix it? The car is in neutral, but the shift looks like it's just about in first but not quite. The shifter is also pretty stuck on there.
Answer: You might want to check the gearshift linkages and check for some binding in the mechanism outside the transmission. Follow the gearshift level mechanism to the shifter assembly or rods, and see if anything is interfering with movement.
Question: My 2003 Toyota Corolla will reverse with no problem or noise. I can shift it into first with no problem. However, when driving in first it shakes and grinds terribly. I have only crept along with in going 5mph to see if it would go forward; it does. Could this be the gearbox?
Answer: It could be a problem with the gearbox, input shaft or CV joint.
Question: My 2011 manual Toyota Yaris makes a grinding and scraping noise when I let off the accelerator while it's still in gear disappears when I engage clutch or accelerate. What could this be?
Answer: There could be a problem with the clutch release bearing. They sound like this when they start going bad.
Question: I have a 1999 Toyota 4Runner Manual Transmission 5 speed. I am having trouble getting the car into 1st gear and reverse. If the car is turned off it will go into 1st gear or reverse no problem. Once I am driving the others gears seem to work fine with an occasional slight difficulty getting into other gears. I do not have any leaks or noises. Do you think I just need to change the transmission fluid?
Answer: Check the engine and transmission motor mounts. They could be cracked or worn.
Question: Is the transmission blown if it acts like it's in Neutral even when it's in gear?
Answer: Not necessarily. Probably the clutch is not engaging. The clutch may be worn out, clutch in need of adjustment. or some wear on another component.
Question: What would cause my 2001 Trans Am not to go into first with the car on or off? All other gears work.
Answer: The problem could be a detent plunger worn or broken spring or a loose plug (not able to hold the detent pin or spring). This is just an idea. You need a better diagnostic before disassembling.
This may give you an idea although the mechanism might not be exactly like yours:
Question: I have a 2008 Cobalt Sport. The shifter is loose and can rotate 360 degrees. It won’t shift into 4th gear and when I try, it grinds bad. So I completely skip that gear and go from 3rd to 5th gear. What could be the problem?
Answer: Most likely the shifter is either worn or damaged, that would prevent going into 4th.
Question: I have a 2012 Chevy Sonic with a manual transmission. It makes a knocking noise in all 5 gears that gets faster with speed. The noise disappears when the clutch is pressed, or when in neutral. What would cause this?
Answer: This kind of rhythmic, knocking sound usually happens in a component with a chipped or broken teeth. This may be a gear, input or intermediate shaft gears or similar part. But you need a good diagnostic, because something like this requires disassembly if a shop suspects this is what's going on.
Question: I have a 2007 Toyota Corolla that is making a whining noise in all gears and sometimes a clanking sound. Does this sound like it could be a problem with the clutch?
Answer: Seems like a worn clutch or flywheel; possibly a problem with the pilot bushing being worn as well.
Question: I have a VW T25 diesel 4 speed. It started grinding into 3rd and 4th recently and can be hard to get into first. And pops out of 2nd. So not a good start (was fine before an engine replacement). I was driving on a trip, and it dropped from 4th to 2nd without touching the stick. Now I've only got reverse, 1st, and 3rd, and I'm pretty sure 2nd is 4th! Grinding when the clutch is engaged too. Any ideas? I've restored the linkage but no good.
Answer: It seems like an internal problem, probably a damaged gear. You may need to bring the car to a transmission shop for a proper diagnosis.
Question: I have a 1926 Dodge with 3-speed manual gearbox floor shift. I can change up through the gears, but when I want to change down from 3rd (top) to second, I cannot get it out of top gear. The lever is stuck. Clutch works ok. Do you have any advice?
Answer: Make sure the shift linkage is not stuck, worn or damage. Otherwise, an internal mechanical problem seems to be the issue.
Question: I heard a little bang when in gear, then I was out of gear, and although the clutch was able to put the tranny into each gear, the transmission would keep acting as if I was in neutral. Is this a clutch or transmission output shaft problem?
Answer: If there's enough oil, check the clutch linkage for adjustment.
Question: 1992 Ford Ranger 5 speed manual. While running in neutral, as I let out on the clutch, it starts making a rattling noise. When I push the clutch in, it stops. Also it will go in all gears fine but when I start to take off, it will try to move but then makes a loud popping sound and won't move. Previous to this it had started making a whining sound when driving. What could be wrong?
Answer: This could be a problem of worn or bad countershaft bearings. But I believe your model has the Mazda M5OD R1 5 speed transmission. Make sure you got enough oil. The rubber shift cover plugs tend to shrink and leak, usually while the vehicle is moving. This could affect bearings and gears.
Question: I have a 98 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 nv3500. Trans grinds into 2nd and 3rd. If I pause after pressing in the clutch, it doesn't grind. Pedal seems a bit harder to press than normal. I changed the fluid. It was not too dark but magnet had a fair amount of metal on it, looked silver for the most part. Should I do a clutch before condemning synchros?
Answer: It does sound like a syncro issue, but it could be a linkage adjustment problem or slave cylinder issue as well.
Question: When I push on the accelerator and shift into gear, it makes a whiring sound when I drive. What could be the problem?
Answer: If you can hear the noise in all gears while moving, but you don't hear it in neutral, probably you got faulty output bearings.
Question: I have a Nissan X-Trail 2015, manual 4x4. When reversing on a steep uphill road the gear pops out! What could the problem be?
Answer: There could be a problem with the synchro, but you'll need a good diagnostic from a shop.
Question: My 2011 Camaro is a V6 manual transmission but when the engine is running it will not shift into first. But, if started in first the car creeps forward; I've been using second for now. What could the issue be?
Answer: This could be several things, cable in need of adjustment, leaking cylinder (hydraulic models), a linkage problem.
Question: My Ford F150 is stuck in second gear, but the shifter moves. What could be the problem?
Answer: The gearshift lever may be worn or broken, or there could be issues with gear train components.
Question: Have a BMWZ3. I thought the battery was dead. Jumped it and started the engine. In first gear, the car engine bumped over; the car leaped forward and then cut off. I tried 3 times. Put the car in neutral, jumped it, and it started. But then it would not shift out of neutral. It had a strong smell of burning rubber odor. Car won’t drive at all now. What do you think is wrong?
Answer: It seems like the clutch is binding. The clutch disc probably got stuck. The strong burning rubber smell is probably the clutch facing rubbing against the pressure plate and flywheel. This could happen for several reasons: problems in the clutch linkage, warped clutch disc or pressure plate, loose disc friction material, problems with the release lever, bad pedal adjustment, bad pilot bushing or bearing.
Question: I have a 1999 Saturn SC1 5sp. I have trouble engaging the first and second gears, especially when the transmission is cold. What could be causing this?
Answer: Usually, incorrect grade gear oil would cause this kind of problem. But there could also be an issue with the gear linkage being out of adjustment.
Question: I have a 1989 Toyota with 5-speed Transmission that won’t go into 5th or Reverse. Does This Camry have a repair kit for The early 90s pickup do? At the shift linkage inside the car?
Answer: Check the motor and transmission mounts too. If you know for sure the linkage is the problem, search on line for the kit to get an idea about costs and what's included with the kit.
Question: I have a Nissan Xterra 2004 manual transmission, and the clutch is not coming up as it's supposed to do. It is staying down and I have to use my feet to put it in the right position to change gears. What can be happening?
Answer: Check first the linkage, if it looks OK, check for leaks at the master and slave cylinder. Otherwise, there could be something wrong with the release assembly internally.
Question: What would be the cause? I was driving my 2004 Jeep Wrangler today when I pushed in the clutch to shift gear, I heard a weird noise, then a clang. It slipped into neutral and would not go back into gear, and a weird pinging noise while sitting in neutral at idle. It started kind of whining last week when I would push in the clutch to change gears. Any ideas?
Answer: Seems like the noise was coming from low fluid. If heat built up enough, it might've caused gears damaged. Check first how much fluid the transmission has. If you hear some grinding when trying to shift into gear, probably the transmission is damaged. But you need a proper diagnostic before deciding on any major repairs. Also, there could be a mechanical problem in the clutch assembly.
Question: I have a 2015 Fiesta St and I’m having gear whine in 4th-6th. The dealer said it’s a synchro but that doesn’t sound right to me. I believe it has to be one of the bearings. Have any ideas?
Answer: This is usually caused by worn or damaged synchro, gear teeth or bearings.
Question: What causes a vehicle to roll back an inch or two when you park on an incline and leave it in first? I once parked in second and the vehicle rolled back several feet.
Answer: If this was a slight incline and the vehicle started rolling, you may have a slipping transmission or an engine that's losing compression. However, even parking a car in gear in a steep incline, it may still roll. That’s why you always engage the emergency brakes and turn the wheels against the curb.
Question: My 2003 Toyota Camry has a manual transmission. It grinds several times a day. It has popped out of gear one time. Is this something simple to fix, or will it be expensive?
Answer: First, make sure there's enough fluid. There could be one of several problems like wear or damage to bearings, gear or synchronizer. A bad synchronizer will make it pop out of gear. If you notice the noise is related to the pedal operation, the problem could be in the clutch assembly.
Question: I have a 2003 Honda Accord (Euro) CL9. My transmission grinds when I put it in reverse. I found out that before engaging reverse if I engage the 3rd gear and then the reverse, the reverse it won't grind. Sometimes it's hard to engage the 1st gear whether it's cold or hot. What should I do? Can the transmission fluid be the culprit ?
Answer: The clutch might be dragging. Shifting into a higher gear before engaging reverse helps to stop reverse from spinning. Usually this happens because the clutch is dragging. The clutch disc is spinning and then you hear it grinding. Most of the time first and reverse don't use a synchronizer. If first has a synchro, the selector ring and blocker ring have problems (wear-damage) aligning. Check the hydraulic system for leaks or problems with the master and slave. This other post may help as well:
Question: Why has my 99 Nissan Frontier lost 4th gear?
Answer: There could be several reasons for this, like a damaged synchronizer sleeves or hubs; a worn gearshift lever; a problem with the shift rail or internal linkage; or a worn shift rail detent plunger (something like this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H48OY-QYYSU).
Question: There is a clunking noise coming from the right side axle. And when I jack up the car, put it in gear with the motor running only the left wheel turns. What could be the problem?
Answer: The CV joint (the part of the axle that slides into the splined hub on the wheel) is probably busted.
Question: What is the possible source of “ tapping” sound coming from a 2005 manual 6speed Jeep. I only seem to hear it in 1st and 2nd gear?
Answer: If the sound is coming from the transmission, this could be worn gear teeth. Unless there's some broken part (rhythmical knocking sound type) inside from chipped or broken teeth.
Question: I can switch gears, and it won't take off. When I press the pedal in, all you can hear is a rubbing noise as if the clutch itself isn't catching and spinning around. What do you think it could be?
Answer: The clutch might be slipping. Set the parking brake, disengage the clutch, shift into third gear and increase engine speed to about 2000 rpm. Slowly release the clutch pedal until the clutch engages. The engine should stall. If not, the clutch is slipping. The clutch linkage could be binding, clutch disc wear, or some other damage.
© 2017 Dan Ferrell
Dan Ferrell (author) on August 14, 2020:
First, make sure there's enough fluid and check the linkage or cables (depending on your particular model) and possible damaged transmission or engine mounts that can misaligned the transmission. Also, there are several faults that may cause a transmission to get stuck in gear. You may be looking at a:
* Worn or bad bushing
* Center detent plug missing or worn
* Broken or worn gearshift lever
* Broken or worn shift rail, a bent shifter fork
* Gear train component damaged
* Gear with broken teeth on the countershaft gear
Hope this helps.
Chsrles on August 14, 2020:
my transmission seems like it's stuck in 4th or 3rd and even when I crank the truck up and stuck in gear and won't come out of that gear it was working fine then I'll send it just quit it won't come out of that gear at all I can't get in first second or any of the other gears won't go in reverse it's just stuck in one gear at least see the 4th or 3rd what causes that thank you
Dan Ferrell (author) on July 23, 2020:
You can shift into 2nd gear while going between 6 mph and 18 mph. If that's the only gear making rough or bad sounds while shifting into gear, there could be a synchronizer (internal mechanical) issue. You need to have the problem properly diagnosed. Hope this helps.
Ash on July 23, 2020:
i have a 2012 passat tsi only 50k miles on it and when i shift from 1st to 2nd while going over 12 miles/hrs it get really rough and i hear some bad sounds going slower is butter smooth.
i asked around and some said its a 2nd gear protective tool so you shift to 2nd early.
is that true or there is something wrong with the transmission.
Dan Ferrell (author) on July 08, 2020:
I believe you are having a problem with the first gear synchronizer. The third gear meshes with the input and output shafts to reverse the rotation of the first gear, and this is causing the problem. Hope this helps.
Ryan J Powers on July 08, 2020:
2018 focus rs theres no smell no grinding no whiring but i can barely get it into reverse from a stand still and first seems a little harder than normal.
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 29, 2020:
If you haven't replaced the clutch in a few years, probably you are dealing with a slipping clutch. Take a look at this other post, it may help:
Martin hancock on June 28, 2020:
My trans had awhining sound until i found lowon fluid put fluid in ,now it slips out of gear no,3 sometimes, the whining is gone
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 26, 2020:
The problem could be in the linkage or shift rial assembly. Take a look at it and see if there's something interfering with the linkage. The sifthrail may have a worn or plunger, broken spring, or loose plug. Another possibility is a problem with the synchronizer sleeve or hub. But this usually happen on high mileage vehicles or abused transmissions. Hope this helps.
Russel on June 25, 2020:
I have a Nissan Versa 2013. I wanted it upshift from 4th to 5th, but it wouldn't go into 5ft gear. It felt blocked.what could cause this?
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 12, 2020:
Usually the noise comes from bad bearings: at the front, in the countershaft gear assembly, output shaft pilot bearing. Worn gears can also become noisy in Neutral. For the endplay issue, you may need to replace the shims. Check the specifications for your specific model. Hope this help.
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 12, 2020:
There could be a problem with a countershaft bearing, a worn or loose bushing. Sometimes, a faulty synchronizer assembly will cause this issue. Hope this helps.
Armando J Medina on June 12, 2020:
Hi, I recently bought a 1990 dodge dakota 3.9 v6, and the transmission was in pieces in a bucket. Ibought all the bearings and new clutch set. Also installed new clutch master and slave cylinder, but when it is in neutral makes a loud noise..also noticed a little play in the input shaft wich is new.....but when is in gear and running runs smooth as new. Idon't know what else to look! I also added 10w30 oil like says in the manual. I'll appreciate any help. Thanks.
Ernest on June 12, 2020:
I have a vw camper van which has a whine in 5th gear only
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 05, 2020:
It seems the clutch is dragging. The problem could be with the hydraulic system or inside the transmission or a need of adjustment (if applicable). This other post may help:
Archer Souz on June 05, 2020:
My 2011 Ford Focus SE manual transmission shifter shifts sloppy up and down without depressing clutch pedal. It will not shift left or right. This with the car turned off. On startup, the car will move foward as I ease off the clutch without even moving the shifter into gear.
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 02, 2020:
There could be a problem with the clutch master or slave cylinders seals. Temperature may be affecting the seals and causing the fluid to circulate in the master cylinder. Hope this helps.
Mark Boehm on June 02, 2020:
Have 2008 chevy aveo5 manual trans....replaced trans with new throw out bearing as clutch and pressure plate not that old b4 went out. Issue having is trans will shift fine for bout 5 minutes or so then will go in gear but car wont move . Shifts in an out of gears fine but after warming up will not go...this a fluid issue?
Sohrab on May 17, 2020:
Why when my car otomatically changes the gear it meakes a big noise?
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 30, 2020:
Try first checking the hydraulic system, clutch master and slave.
Justin Dixon on March 28, 2020:
Nv3500 with clutch pedal fully pressed and wheels off the ground goes into forward gears just fine just wheels doing without fully into gear reverse on the the other hand grinds and will not go into gear. I’m not a transmission guy and know next to nothing about them.
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 20, 2020:
Make sure the hydraulic system has enough fluid. Then check the slave cylinder and, if necessary, bleed the system. This might the reason the clutch seems not to connect. Hope this helps.
Leoreyes on March 19, 2020:
96 Honda Civic. New clutch , pressure plate and everything else besides flywheel. Car running I put it into every gear doesn't move. I was downshifting into first and I heard a pop and didn't wanna move anymore. I opened up trans. No metal shavings nothing broken
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 11, 2020:
It could be many things, but most common worn sleeve teeth - blocker ring. If you were able to make it up the hill holding the shifter, I'd check the shift linkage. It might need some adjustment. Other possibilities, worn input shaft/bearing. Hope this helps.
David Lanatti on March 10, 2020:
I have a 1972 F350 with a NP 435 trans no four wheel drive but it had the PTO unit for a hydraulic pump.
It started loosing drive gear connection while driving up a hill. It jumps out of gear and then right back into gear and I held the shifter forward to make it all the way up the hill although the shifter doesn’t slip into neutral, but it feels like the gears are disengaging. I’m not going to drive it until I have it repaired. I’ve never had a problem like this before and have been driving old trucks for forty years. Could this be the synchronizer?
Dan Ferrell (author) on February 28, 2020:
Probably there's a problem with a bearing. This other post may help:
DANIJEL on February 28, 2020:
I have a mazda cx7 2.3 disi turbo with manual transmision i hear grinding in neutral and in all six gears and vibrating in six gear what could it be ?
Dan Ferrell (author) on February 24, 2020:
Assuming the gearbox was properly built, and knowing the damaged caused by the mounts, I’d think the shift linkage is out of adjustment. Also, make sure the shifter cover is not loose or something striking the shift linkage.
Shae hall on February 23, 2020:
Hi, I have a T-10 Borg Warner 4 speed (1963) and twice within one day it slipped out of 3rd and in to neutral. When I next drove it after a while it has started to get a rythmic knock in 3rd gear only, it's fine when clutch is in or in any other gear. What do you think this could be?
The gearbox was apparently totally rebuilt last year by previous owner. I have replaced the mounts and changed the oil last month (mounts had worn causing drive shaft uni joint to brake)
Dan Ferrell (author) on February 03, 2020:
Check the linkage, there could be a mechanical obstruction that is preventing you from shifting gears properly. Hope this helps.
Muddasar chand on February 03, 2020:
Hello sir i have a elentra hyundai 2013 model when i drive in 4 gear and i can change the gear into 5 gear but gear did not change into 5 but it can comes in 3 and gear lever comes in the position of 3 and when i change it into 6 gear lever comes in the 4 position gear i can change the clutch plate pressure plate and the cluth barringplz help me
Dan Ferrell (author) on November 08, 2019:
Several problems may cause this. For example, a broken gearshift lever, worn or damaged gear; a countershaft gear input shaft with broken gear teeth; a problem with the shift rail; a center detent plug missing or worn.
tammy clark on November 07, 2019:
Stuck in first gear will not come out
Dan Ferrell (author) on October 18, 2019:
The problem might be with the input shaft roller bearings. Have the transmission properly diagnosed before doing any work on it.
Modise Motshwari on October 18, 2019:
I have a vw polo 2009 model 1.6BAH.
MY car makes a terrible sound when on neutral and driving off on first gear. But when I press the clutch the sound goes away what could be the problem
Dan Ferrell (author) on September 28, 2019:
Probably the sensor is faulty. Have it checked and change it, if necessary.
Toby on September 28, 2019:
I have a 1999 VW bug it goes into gear and speedometer says I’m doing about 20 but the vehicle is not moving no noises I need help!
Dan Ferrell (author) on September 24, 2019:
I think what you are hearing is the gears grinding as you try to go into gear. It's possible the clutch is worn or out of adjustment. Have the clutch system checked. Hopefully you'll just need to adjust it. Hope this helps.
gemma on September 24, 2019:
I have a honda civic turbo diesel manual and when changing gears it makes sense a horrible noise and I can't go into reverse
Dan Ferrell (author) on September 18, 2019:
Probably the synchro blocking ring is damaged or worn.
Jason S Kraemer on September 18, 2019:
i have a 2016 jetta that grinds when only going into 3rd gear. Is it a probably a synchro issue.
Dan Ferrell (author) on August 28, 2019:
If everything was working fine up to the 5 miles, check the hydraulic system, master cylinder, hydraulic line; air in the clutch line
josh lotts on August 27, 2019:
i put a new clutch kit in my 89 4wd toyota, i drove it 5 miles then a grinding noise now it wont pull in any gear please help
Dan Ferrell (author) on August 26, 2019:
Probably the clutch is slipping. Check out this other post. It may help:
Trevor on August 24, 2019:
Car goes into gear and just rolls forward and revs doesnt accerate 03 evolution 5 sp
Dan Ferrell (author) on August 07, 2019:
If fixing the play in the linkage fixed the issue, check the gearshift. Depending on the model, you may find a offset lever nylon insert that could be worn, or a lever attachment nu loose.
These mechanical assemblies can give some trouble, including the shift rail, forks, and detent plugs after worn or just because of simple damage. Hope it helps.
matthew on August 07, 2019:
my 1988 toyota corona has developed a 4th gear pop out, only happens when accelerator pedal is pressed then it pops out causing grinding noises. being told so many different things from synchro rings, worn out gears (does not have any wear on them) but when checking the linkage it had a small amount of play under the shift stick which was fixed.
long story short after not even 500km the pop out developed again so i don't want to be taken advantage of again by the mechanics.
Dan Ferrell (author) on August 05, 2019:
There could be a problem with the shift rail, gearshift lever or gearshift internal linkage, preventing to shift into 3rd and 4th gear. Synchronizers may be too worn or some other mechanical wear or damage causing it to jump into neutral.
Yanga Bokveld on August 03, 2019:
I have a 2005 Tazz Model car won't go to gear 3 & 4, makes some noise when its on neutral, sometimes it jumps into neatral.
Dan Ferrell (author) on July 29, 2019:
If you can hear the noise when in gear but not in neutral, it's possibly the problem is with the output (mainshaft), bearing. If you hear the noise while the car is running, clutch engaged and in neutral, the problem might be the front input shaft bearing.
Adrian carter on July 29, 2019:
I have a 2006 Holden Astra it’s gearbox is making a wiring the issue starts when it warms up with the third and fourth gears making the sound but it goes away when I depress the clutch what is it
Dan Ferrell (author) on July 27, 2019:
Scan for trouble codes, even if the check engine light doesn't come on. Some potential problems that might cause this may come from the ignition switch, locking hubs, clutch coil, or the PCM.
Dan on July 26, 2019:
Jeep wrangler 6speed manual trans. Wont go into gear with transfercase in 2wd or 4x4. But can shift with transfercase in neutral. Any idea?
Dan Ferrell (author) on July 05, 2019:
This could be a faulty cable between the ignition and the sifter. It's like a safety mechanism to make sure you have the transmission in Park when turning the key to On or Run while depressing the brake pedal. You may have a problem with a control solenoid. But you need to have the issue properly diagnosed before swapping components. Hope this helps.
Roxanne Hendsbee on July 05, 2019:
I have a 2010 Hyundai Elantra GLS automatic. I put my car in park and heard a clunk then I went to put the car in park and it keeps moving forward with a clicking noise. I also lost reverse after this happened. I tried again to put it in park but it still keeps clicking. I have to put it in neutral and use the emergency brake to keep it from moving. Is there a parking pin or a parking cable that could be causing this problem? Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank You.
Chuck on June 27, 2019:
Is the shifter on the side of a turbo 350 trans supposed to have about a half inch of free play?
I have never remover seeing that before!
Any answers or suggestions?
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 24, 2019:
There could be a problem with the gearshift mechanism, shift rail, fork, springs or detent plug. Other possibility is the clutch shaft or roller bearings worn or damaged.
Corey on June 23, 2019:
I have a 1998 dodge Dakota 3.9l with a 5 speed transmission AX-15 and at 35 mph it jumps out of gear
Dan Ferrell (author) on May 20, 2019:
Make sure the motor mounts are good. But this noise may be coming from the transmission. Hope I could be more specific.
Jeff hickman on May 19, 2019:
96 maxima makes noise when clutch pedal is out and in 123rd gear when you let off of gas pedal sounds like a 4/11 in old chevy truck
Dan Ferrell (author) on May 08, 2019:
I'd check the fluid first (low or bad), but it seems first gear remains partially engaged when trying the shift into second. That's where the grinding noise is coming from. The problem is with a worn or bad synchronizer blocking ring.
Ethan Bruce on May 08, 2019:
I have a BMW 1 series 2009 6 speed manual. I can shift into 2nd gear but when I release the clutch I get lots of grinding, the gear stick vibrates and ultimately I can’t drive in the 2nd gear. It’s only this gear I’m having issues with, any ideas?
Dan Ferrell (author) on April 16, 2019:
Sounds as if the clutch is slipping, the linkage may need adjustment. Also have the fluid checked and make sure it’s at the right level. Hope this helps.
Stephanie on April 15, 2019:
When driving my manual 2000 VW Beetle... just had clutch changed...
All of a sudden the car seems to be over revving when going from second to third gear... like it has power bit the car is acting like it does...any idea?
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 25, 2019:
Changing the oil could help, and the noise probably will go away. However, worn bearings tend to make this kind of noise. An oil change won't hurt. If the whining persists, you'll probably need a repair. But, if you can put up with the noise, you can postpone the fix until it is absolutely necessary.
Aikido321 on March 23, 2019:
I have noticed recently a whining noise only in 5th gear of my 2000 Toyota Camry 4 cylinder. I am thinking that I need to change the gear oil and I haven't done so but can this be the problem?
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 22, 2019:
These noises are hard to pint-point, but they are usually associated with the main shaft bearing and worn out gears. Wish I could help you more here.
walt on March 21, 2019:
I have a 1985 F250 6.9 IDI 4 speed with a gear splitter, My truck makes a whirring type noise when accelerating in 2nd and 3rd gear. The noise only happens when i'm accelerating. If i ease off the accelerator to the point where I'm not pushing the truck, the noise stops. When i shift past 3rd into 4th, no noise. I checked gearbox oil, gear splitter oil and diff fluid - all levels okay. Any ideas would be much appreciated.
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 21, 2019:
Check the gearshift lever. But there could be problems with the internal linkage or shift rail.
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 21, 2019:
Check the clutch linkage first. See if it needs adjustment. But internal components may be too worn. Worn bearings and synchronizers can cause a gear to jump out and make a gear hard to shift into. Worn clutch pilot bearing, shift forks, rails, springs or detents.
Athena on March 21, 2019:
I was wondering if you could help me. I have a Ford Transit 1987. It pops out of 3rd gear into neutral whilst making a grinding noise and it is becoming increasingly difficult to get into 2nd gear...do you know what might cause these problems? Thank you
robert g on March 21, 2019:
2013 vw beetle will only go in rev 1st & 5th can anyone out there help me
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 20, 2019:
Reasons for a stuck gear and/or popping out of gear are varied. But having both issues happening at the same time could narrow the potential problems. First, take a look at the gearshift lever assembly/connections, looking for wear or damage mechanism. Also, problems with the shift fork and shift rails may cause both of this issues. Hope this helps.
Vanessa Lynn on March 20, 2019:
Howdy.. I’ve got a question regarding the manual transmission in my husbands 87 Jeep Cherokee YJ. I’ve read several possibilities as to why it’s popping out of gear and or getting stuck in gear. I was hoping to narrow the field of possibilities down a bit. Could you tell me the most common causes/reasonings for the Jeep to jump out of and become stuck in the 3rd & 4th Gear’s ?!
I’m hoping the issue at hand is maybe a little more pocket friendly if you know what I mean ?! This of course starts happening right as I was going to surprise him with a 6” lift and 33” tires.
Any advice suggestions or direction you’d be willing to share with me would be much appreciated ! Thank you
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 14, 2019:
There could be several reasons for this. Low fluid or using the wrong fluid is one possibility. But you may need to adjust the clutch (check your vehicle repair manual to check adjustment). See if the linkage needs lubrication. Other potential problems include a worn clutch, shift linkage adjustment, worn or loose shift fork, shafts, levers or detents.
Christopher on March 14, 2019:
I have a 93 ford ranger 2.3l 5 speed I bought about 3 months ago and it’s becoming increasingly harder to shift. It seems to be intermittent but when it is bad it’s crunchy to shift and almost impossible to get into gear. I was told it was low or bad fluid
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 09, 2019:
I'm thinking about the input shaft roller bearings. This bearings are the ones operating in Neutral, but, as you mentioned, you already replaced those, if I understood correctly.
Bor Chuk on March 08, 2019:
Thank you. One thing I have to tell you is that when idling and neutral position if I push lever to 1st to 5th gear one by one (without pushing pedal, so gear will not engage) the sound become lower.
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 08, 2019:
The only other component I can think of is the counter gear.
Bor Chuk on March 08, 2019:
My Land cruiser 105 manual transmission has whiring sound from gearbox when idling in neutral position and the sound disappears when pushing clutch pedal. Everything works well but the sound. I changed input, output, counter shaft, flywheel bearings and clutch & cover discs, but the sound doesn’t disappears. All gears looks good condition. In cold start its sounds very low and when the oil is warmed up it’s sounds louder. As I am well experienced mechanic I know that it’s not common problem, please advise me. Thank you.
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 05, 2019:
The transmission may have suffered excessive wear from the lack of fluid, that wold explain the whining noise – worn out gear teeth. If you hear the squeaking noise when depressing the pedal and the engine is running, this could be a worn pilot bearing, or problems with the throw-out fork off pivot.
Mason on March 05, 2019:
I have a 2004 dodge dakota my transmission was ran 6 months without fluid do to a idiot Tech when first got it it was fine about 6 months later is whines in all but 4 gear what could be the problem also about 2 months ago my throw out bearing exploded so we replaced it and the slave cylinder and now about middle of my peddle my clutch sqeeks
Dan Ferrell (author) on March 02, 2019:
There are several causes for this. If the clutch pedal feels like it has too much travel before it starts to engage, it may need adjustment. It can also be a worn clutch, problem with the shift linkage (needs lubrication or adjustment, binding). Other possibilities: check the transmission oil level, loose or bad input shaft bearing retainer. Hope this helps.
John Mount on March 01, 2019:
I have a 03 ford ranger. I have a hard time shifting gears and there are times i cant even shift in gear.
Dan Ferrell (author) on February 28, 2019:
The shift rail detent plunger could be worn, or the spring broken.
tesfaye on February 28, 2019:
why the 3rd gear of Toyota land cruiser out when driving after few minute drived
Dan Ferrell (author) on February 22, 2019:
It was probably the synchronizer not engaging properly when trying to shift gears. Once it stopped spinning, you were able to get into gears.
Kevin Moua on February 21, 2019:
I floored my 96 Integra gsr today and there was a loud band sound when shifting from 1st to 2nd. After, I could not get out of 2nd gear but when I came to a complete stop, the car drove perfectly fine again. What could be the problem?
Dan Ferrell (author) on January 31, 2019:
It’s possible the synchronizer for that gear or the counter gear rear bushing is worn or damaged. In this case, you’ll need to drop the transmission for repairs.
Tech Prii on January 30, 2019:
My Triton has abnormal sound when in 5th gear .. at 2000RPM and above..when I depressed the gas pedal no round...
No sound for gear 1, 2 , 3 and 4 even if at 2000RPM and up..
What could be my issue? Broken gear (5th)... if yes, if you are to repair this, the entire tranny will be pulled -out??
Dan Ferrell (author) on December 12, 2018:
Usually, loose or damaged engine or transmission mounts cause these type of clunking noises. Sometimes you can easily inspect the mounts just by lifting and getting under the vehicle.
Elizabeth Kraatz on December 12, 2018:
I have a 2004 Dodge Dakota 5 speed -shifts fine but starting from a stop in first gear, there is a clunk as i release the clutch it feels like it is engaging the gear.
Dan Ferrell (author) on November 24, 2018:
The linkage may be out of adjustment or may need lubrication. Also, check the shift cover.
Clayton on November 24, 2018:
I have a 1996 dodge dakota that whirls and is sometimes hard to shift but not all the time, it pops out of gear sometimes as well
Tim on October 11, 2018:
I put my truck into 4wd and as soon as I started up a hill I heard a loud clanking sound it did it twice.
Dan Ferrell (author) on September 12, 2018:
Make sure you got the rigth slave for the applicaton, and check the master cylinder. Usually both are replaced at the same time when one goes. Make sure you don't have a leak, probably a seal.
Hope this helps.
Chris martin on September 12, 2018:
Bought son 2013 dodge dart w 6speed Manuel, C635 im told, installed new slave, whent to bleed and realized no fluid getting to slave, just very small sauirts when you push pedal w hand, master is located near bottom of wall, how do i get fluid through it to the slave?? Then i realized the slave dont even have a bledder screw, jist a 1/4" nipple w rubber tip on it, alot money and time invested, dealers wont help and no parts store either, need halp bad please. College jyst started back, he really needs it. God bless.
Dirtclustit on August 08, 2018:
It sounds like you are referring to an automatic tranny (mention of putting the tranny in "park")
This article is about manual transmissions, however your problem sounds like either a bad boost valve, broken sun shell, or band
Dan Ferrell (author) on June 18, 2018:
There could be some problems (damage?) with the high spining input shaft gears. Other then dissassembling the transmision for inspection, you may want to try drainig the oil and see if there are any metal falkes that may indicate wear or damage to some gears.
Hope this helps
Finn on June 18, 2018:
My car wont change into gear at high rpm. I move the shifter into position but it wont engage the gear and just stays in nuetral. When i drop back down to say below 4500rpm i have no problem other than second which takes a little while to come right. I have no problems while the car is in any gear only while trying to shift. Car is a 1999 toyota caldina gt-t 4wd turbo.