Frank is interested in cars, car racing, and sharing bits of information that are hard to find.
The Oxygen Sensor on Your Mk3 Volkswagen
Replacing a bad oxygen sensor on your Mk3 Volkswagen is very simple, though there is a bit of reaching and contortion involved.
Tools Needed to Remove the Pre-Catalytic Oxygen Sensor
- A wrench (size 20-24mm, depending), if you don't have a special oxygen sensor wrench
- A way of raising the car so you can work on it (if your car is close to the ground).
- Some high-temperature anti-seize compound that's good for exhaust parts.
In an old, rusty car, however, removing the oxygen sensor may require tools that are not available to you.
Unplugging the Sensor
- Find the black plug between the engine and the firewall.
- Firmly grasp two sections and push down the tab (sometimes you have to push pretty hard) and pull the two sides apart. This may seem difficult at first, but it's really very easy once you apply enough pressure in the right place.
Unclipping the Wire From Under the Car
This is how the clips are arranged on my car (to be clear, yours may be different).
- Unclip the wire from the first clip, which should be visible.
- Unclip the wire from the second clip. This clip is sightly under the firewall and is a bit of a stretch to get to, but it's the same type of clip as the other one.
- Next, there's a plastic tie. This is tricky; I had to take some wire cutters and clip the tie even though I could barely see what I was cutting.
Loosening and Removing the Sensor
- Raise the car. Personally, I like to use ramps. Only raise your car on level ground. Never go under a car supported by a jack alone; always use jack stands.
- If the oxygen sensor is bad, cut the wire so that you can get the circular part of the wrench on the sensor. (If you have a special oxygen sensor wrench—an open-ended wrench—you won't have to cut the wire.) DO NOT CUT THE HEAT SHIELD (silvery thing, or the black thing that surrounds the wires). Only cut the wires themselves. You will need to reuse the heat shield.
- Try to unscrew the sensor by turning counter-clockwise. If you are not planning to get rid of the oxygen sensor, be very careful with the sensor as you take it out. Getting any small amount of liquid on the sensor may damage it and make it not work anymore. If the sensor doesn't come off easily continue to step 4. Otherwise, skip to the next section.
- If you don't have some sort of Liquid Wrench product try putting vinegar in a spray bottle and thoroughly soaking the crack in between the sensor and the downpipe. The liquid wrench works much better than vinegar, but smells terrible; hold your breath if you use it. Other methods include heating the surrounding area or cooling the oxygen sensor with dry ice.
- After you've removed the oxygen sensor from the car, try to pry the ring that holds the heat shield on. You will probably need the heat shield for the new oxygen sensor. Also, take the black wire-protecting thing off; it slides right off.
Installing the New Sensor
- Put the black wire lining and the heatshield on the new heat sensor.
- Apply the appropriate type of anti-seize to the threads of the new sensor.
- Screw the sensor in, taking care not to put much stress on the place where the wires connect to the sensor.
- Run the wire up around the exhaust so it isn't exposed to heat. Ideally, you would use the clips that were meant for the wire, but at home, this may be too much of a pain. It makes more sense to route the wire to where it needs to go and then use an ordinary plastic tie to take up the slack.
- Plug the sensor back in.
- Bring the car to a local auto parts store or garage that will reset your car's ECU for free so that the "check engine" light goes off.
How to Replace an Oxygen Sensor on Other Cars
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.