How to Check Your Golf Cart for a Bad Solenoid

In this article I am going to explain how to check a solenoid for problems.

On a typical solenoid there are four posts called terminals. There are usually two large terminals and two small ones. Battery voltage is applied to the two small terminals to activate the solenoid, which then connects the two large terminals together. From time to time the two large terminals malfunction and the solenoid needs to be replaced. To check the solenoid is fairly simple, though. Follow these steps:

1. You will need a couple of tools: a voltmeter or multimeter, and (typically) a ½” wrench.

2. Disconnect any cables from the two large terminals. Be sure to wrap the cable ends in tape, and keep the ends separate from each other.

3. With the key off, and the cart direction switch in a neutral position, set your voltmeter to ohms, and place a probe on each large terminal (see first image below). There should be no reading.

Open lead
Open lead

4. Now, with the cart's direction switch in the forward position, and the key on, step on the accelerator. You should hear a click coming from the solenoid. If you do...

5. Set your voltmeter to measure ohms, and place a probe on each large terminal (see image below). You should have a reading of 0 to 0.4 ohms. Anything higher, and it means that the solenoid has faulty contacts and should be replaced.

6. If you did not hear a click coming from your solenoid, then grab your voltmeter and set it to DC volts on the 200 scale, and place a probe on each of the small terminals.

7. With the key on and the cart in forward, step on the accelerator.

  • If the voltmeter shows full battery voltage, and there is no click, the coil inside the solenoid has failed and will need to be replaced.
  • If your voltmeter remains at 0, then there is a problem somewhere else in the cart.

NOTE: When buying a new solenoid, be sure to buy one that matches your cart's voltage. Most golf carts are either 36 volts or 48 volts. The voltage will usually be written on the side of the solenoid.

Troubleshooting a Solenoid Using a Voltmeter (Using Continuity Instead of Ohms)

Troubleshooting Solenoid on 1987 Club Car

36-Volt Solenoid

DC Power Solenoid, 36V, Amps 200
DC Power Solenoid, 36V, Amps 200

White-Rodgers is a good brand, though they don't make solenoids to fit every golf cart.


Comments 64 comments

Danny 8 days ago

My 36volt 2001 ez go odd model will move about a inch and stop same in reverse

Tom 5 weeks ago

Had new batteries installed in my club car 2008 ran it came time to charge will not take a charge kicks the charger out

Jack Hilton 7 weeks ago

I have a 1998 Yamaha gas. It started to crank hard. I replaced the fuel filter and spark plug. It ruined great for a while but now is hard to start and while driving it if you hit a bump it will die had to toe it home. Any help please

TheRebelRouser 2 months ago

Howdy got a 36Volt ClubCar and when U shift into either gear it will move even with with the KEY off. Checked the Key switch it's OK left wires off and still moves when shifting. My shade tree mind makes me think it's the solenoid can U help please

Jan 2 months ago

I went through your instructions on testing the solenoid, however the voltmeter remained at 0, so the problem is somewhere else with the cart. 1994 Club Car Electric. Any idea as to where to check?

Mike 2 months ago

The stripe on the diode should be toward the positive (red) terminals

Dan 2 months ago

The small solenoid terminals on my 2013 Yamaha G29 YDRE have one red wire with yellow stripe and one red wire with black stripe. Does anyone know which direction the diode should be installed?

mark 2 months ago

what happens if put the two small wires on the solenoid wrong will this damage the solenoid?

ktty 2 months ago

I have a gas golf car, I run for awhile and the it start jerking along. I have to stop and wait and most times it takes off and goes ok for awhile, may do it again or not. if it is still doing it I just wait. Sometimes it smells flooded other times it looks like its getting no gas, what could the problem be?

Chicago Bob in Iowa 2 months ago

I have Yamaha G8 gas, starts and runs fine then just quits. then some times it will start and sometimes it won't, starter just grinds. I,v replaced the solenoid, fuel filter, and checked for loose wires. ?

Steve W 2 months ago

2001 Ezgo Freedom---electric. Playing 18 holes it only happens once or twice in a round. When you start off it seems to jump a little then runs smooth. What do you think is the problem?

Judith 2 months ago

I have a ez go 136. When i turn it on, press peddle reverse or forward there is vibration, but it will not move. Vibration seems to be a large cylinder sitting just behind the batteries...would love some help

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Golfcardr 2 months ago from Arizona Author

Sandy, do you have a forward and reverse lever by you right leg, or do you have a forward and reverse switch on the dash?

Sandy 2 months ago

Bought an EZGO electric used. No serial number in the usual places. I was looking for something I lost in a field and was driving over it slowly. After a while the cart stopped going. Put it in reverse and it backed up. Put it in forward and it zoomed forward. Went slowly and it went for a while and then the same thing. It wanted to go forward but couldn't. Then reverse again, etc. Happened 6 times in a row. What's up?

loyde 2 months ago

I have a 2007 ruff&tuff 48v-6person EV. as soon as the key is on and the f/r switch is depressed the cart goes as if on full throttle. the throttle pedal does not give any input when depressed.otherwise everything works normally. does this seem like a throttle micro switch problem,solenoid problem or throttle potentiometer issue. any input is appreciated,thx

Tom O'Neill 2 months ago

I have a (94) 36V Club car with the exposed resistor coils and a stepper speed switch and single selonoid. The r cart has 1 year old batteries and runs well except recently there seems to be no low speed. When pushing the throttle the cart jumps in what seems to be second speed. It seems to be skipping the lowest speed setting. The first coil resistor seems good with no break but the jump in speed makes it very uncomfortable to drive from a stop. What should I be looking for?

Albert D. Mesale Jr. 3 months ago

Hi, I have a 96 club car ds 36v. it will only run full speed and sometimes the throttle sticks. I used WD 40 on all the moving parts and it seems to be better, but still have the issue of it only running wide open, pressing down on the pedal it jumps and goes into wide open.

Ed 3 months ago

I had a cart that was working fine but needed new batteries, after replacing them the cart won't go forward or backward even though the reverse makes the buzzing as if it wants to go backward. I first connected the new batteries with the positive and negative reversed so I may have fried something.


Gerald taylor 4 months ago

I have 09 Ezego 36v it has had a slight hesitation lately and last week after use we plugged it in and the next day all the batteries were totally dead and the charger quit I recharged all of them individually new charger on order. The problem is with the positive connected and touch the neg. I get an arc, in drive mode not tow every thing off and in neutral. Pull the controller loom and no arc. I am reading about 25v 3 large cables on module box w/neg cable removed. Am reading 25v across the selonoid no neg to battery.

Ernie Church 4 months ago

Club car runs in reverse but not forward

Rich 4 months ago

I have a Club Car (2006 or 2008) golf cart. It will just stop for no good reason. I've had two shops run all sorts of diagnostic test using their computers and they can't seem to find the problem. I've talked to a few other folks and they seem to think it may be the solenoid. How do I confirm? Also, how do I determine which solenoid I need to buy if mine is bad?

Shade tree Sam 4 months ago

Golfcardr..Thank you so much for your precise instructions...even for this ol head to understand Going to buy a solenoid

Neil Powell 4 months ago

I have a 2004 club cart, I've chick the batteries and there all good, my problem is it takes off good, but then slowes down, it still runs but don't have any speed, I've built Hot Rods so I have the tools to work on it, I just don't know where to start is fhere any place I can get a manual, so I can trouble shoot it.


Neil Powell

danz 5 months ago

2005 par car

I have changed the pot box and the fwd/rev contactors. Is it possible the controller is going bad?

johnnyrockman 5 months ago

to add to my issues....I have connected the new solenoid (hoping I have the correct wiring on the small post) and now when I switch from tow to run......I don't hear any noise....where before I could hear the batteries click in. Could the wiring be backwards on the small post....or do I do need to reset the OBC? How do I do this on the 1998 club car? It has no noise it makes when I put it in reverse. Can I still go through the process for 5 minutes and get it to reset?

johnnyrockman 5 months ago

I am replacing a bad solenoid with a new one.....but not sure which small terminal post wire is hot and which is neutral. They are not marked on the old solenoid. I have one that is black...and the other is red/white stripe. Is the black wire hot?

Aj ds 5 months ago

Hello I have a 1988 Club Car DS all the solenoids are on it click but the car still won't move anyone could tell me how or what I can do to fix it? Would really appreciate the help anyone.

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Golfcardr 5 months ago from Arizona Author

Dan, sounds like you may be looking at a pot box, or possibly in a 2005 a LAD. Both are throttle position sensors and you only have one or the other. It's a little too much to explain how to check here so I would call Columbia Parcar and find your closest dealer. Their number is 1800-222-4653

danz 5 months ago

Also on that park car after it makes its jump it drives smoothly it does it and both reverse and forward

danz 5 months ago

I'm working on a roughly 2005 parcar 24 volt electric car when I hit the throttle it will go slowly but then it all of a sudden jumps what would be causing that problem

lorie 5 months ago

when I press on the pedal nothing, but if you let it sit it will run again but not for long

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Golfcardr 5 months ago from Arizona Author

Dan, that's a tough one. There are a few things that could be causing this problem on a powerdrive plus. Here is what the book list: batteries, solenoid (the one attached to the coil of wire), potentiometer, motor or controller. I would test the solenoid, if it test good you may want to think about taking it to a shop.

Dan 5 months ago

Hi , i have a club car ds 1996 ds 48v ... When i put full throtle pedal foward it run but i feal not the real power... Reverse no power he dont move or just a little bit no power... I got 2 solenoid on this cart , do you think that solenoid can be the problem


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Golfcardr 5 months ago from Arizona Author


The solenoid for a g22 electric is located under the seat on the passenger side towards the front of the cart. :-)

Michael 5 months ago

I have 2003 Yamaha G22 Electric. How do I open the front compartment to check the solenoid?


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Golfcardr 5 months ago from Arizona Author

Greg, if you have replaced the f&r switch with no luck I would first check the wiring from the switch to the controller, make sure there are no breaks. If that dosent reveal anything you may be looking at a controller issue if this car has a push button f&r switch which it should if it is only 5 years old.

Rocket52 5 months ago

Number 7 in your instructions is what I ended with. Meter reads 0 at small terminals. But with both big post disconnected where would the voltage to solenoid come from? The key switch has yellow wire from small post on solenoid to key switch then to fnr micro switch. I'm so confused. This is 1984 ezgo electric resistor cart. How do I check fnr and pedal micro switch with my volt meter? Or what else could it be? Thank you

greg hardin 5 months ago

I have a yamaha electric golf cart that is approx 5 years old. Runs fine 90% of time, but anywhere, anytime it decides it will not go forward. If switch to reverse, it runs, no problem. Have had to drive all the way home from course in reverse several times. Of course it works fine whenever we get someone out to fix it. We have replaced F/R switch & didn't fix. Any suggestions?

dennis 5 months ago

my 1985 36 volt club cr has set for about 3 months. when i went to use it the solenoids click, but the cart wont move

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Golfcardr 7 months ago from Arizona Author

Donald, intermittent problems are the hardest to track down. I wish I could tell you that there is a common problem with the Yamaha Drive that causes this, however in my experience this is not the case. I would only suggest starting simple like loose connections on the batteries, motor and controller. May the force be with you :-)

DonaldIraLaFever 7 months ago


I have a 2009 Yamaha 48 volt model YDRE.

My problem is the cart stops and I have to reset the run/tow switch to get it going again. Time between the unwanted shut down is intermittent. What is your opinion on this problem?

jamie 8 months ago

I've got an older 3 wheel eezgo marathon, I'm getting no power to my solenoid and I had it check by the local ezgo store said it was possibly the f&r switch . Any advice how to check to see if it's my switch not my solenoid

roger b 8 months ago

i have a 1994 ezgo gas eng no spark and no power on the leads to coil turn over fine

Tom 12 months ago

I have a 95 Yamaha electric golf cart the batteries charge but when I go to ride it around the batteries only last about 15 minutes and then it dies it won't hold a charge long. And they are brand new batteries. Any suggestions

Brian 12 months ago

Golfcardr ,

I have a 07 48V Club Car, batteries just a few months old. When I go up a slightly steep hill either forward or reverse, the cart feels like it goes into neutral and I have no power. Have to step on the brakes to keep from rolling backwards. Is this normal?

duggyrocks 12 months ago

Hey there. great article, very helpful.

I am working on a 2009 Yamaha Drive (G29) electric. The owner says that sometimes when he unplugs the charger, takes it out of tow, and turns the key, he gets "no-go". This is intermittent, and I can't, as of yet, replicate this. We have had some like this in the past, and it MIGHT have been the solenoid (no one is sure). That said, the cart works great ... for me. Should I bother testing the solenoid (it clicks), or move on to something else?

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Golfcardr 13 months ago from Arizona Author

Kenny, that would depend on your model of ezgo. If it is a pds with a switch on the dash i would lean towards the switch itself, however it could be something more serious like an h bridge( controls the direction electronically ) going out inside your controller.

kenny 13 months ago

why does my ezgo switch in reverse while driving forward

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Golfcardr 13 months ago from Arizona Author

Billy, no the solenoid is not a part of the charging system. There are lots of things that will keep an electric cart from charging, the most popular at my shop is the cart has sat for way too long without being charged. So my question to you is, does your cart still drive?

billy 13 months ago

will a bad solenoid make the cart not charge on a elec. cart too??

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Golfcardr 14 months ago from Arizona Author

Pam, for help with your solenoid please check the article at the top of this page. As far as thr controller goes the easiest way is to eliminate everything else, i dont have an article on that yet and its a bit too much to cover in a commet. Good luck :-)

Pam 14 months ago

Add Your Comment. do you troubleshoot solenoid and motor controller? I can directly jump from battery to motor and the drive train works

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Golfcardr 14 months ago from Arizona Author

Pam, if your solenoid clicks with brand new batteries and a new pot your problem might be a solenoid, motor, motor controller or possibly some of the heavy gauge wiring.

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Golfcardr 14 months ago from Arizona Author

Chance, are you saying that when you drive off road for a half an hour that the cart cuts out. But drives just fine on a smooth surface?

Pam 14 months ago

I have a 1992 ergo marathon golf cart, I put 6 new batteries and a potentiometer on it. I turn the key hit the pedal and it just clicks? What might be the problem?

chance 14 months ago

I have a 2006 Yamaha after 1/2 driving it will just die then I flip the switch for tow and it will go again for a bit then die flip switch again will go once on concrete she will run fine HELP

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Golfcardr 16 months ago from Arizona Author

Richard, most likely there is another problem with your cart. I would start with making sure you have a full charge on your cart then check your foreward and reverse switch. :-)

richard 16 months ago

I have a yamaha g29 cart and have no power to it when one and in drive there is no click also in reverse there is no beep noise could this be the solenoid?

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Golfcardr 16 months ago from Arizona Author

Kelly, you can use any solenoid with 2 big posts and 2 small posts so long as it is rated for the same voltage. Most will be rated for 12volts however some E-Z-GO carts use a 14volt. :-)

Kelly 16 months ago

I have a gas golf cart. Solenoid is gone I think. I hear clicking when I step on gas and when I jump the 2 big terminals it starts up. Question is, can I use any solenoid that has the 4 posts and same voltage on it or does it have to be one that is an original replacement. I don't want to screw up any of the charging system.

Mel 19 months ago

Thanks Golfcardr

I took it to the local cart shop. Immediately diagnosed it as bad batteries.

They are 4 years old, test weak under load, but will still go 18 holes +. If it only paused when batteries are low, I'd think it might be valid. Your point is taken, we could spend $ for very little. I'll take it to a CC dealer that can actually run diagnostics on the components. Will probably replace batteries in the fall anyway.

Thanks so much for the response!

ALLAN 19 months ago

I have an older Hyundai electric Golf Cart with new batterys it clicks but wont move.Before it would sometimes hesitate and then go.I cleaned all the terminals and installed new batterys.(any help would be greatly appreciated)

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Golfcardr 19 months ago from Arizona Author

I would lean towards an MCOR however there are many other possible causes. Im am normally all about the do it yourself type of fixes, but in this case you could end up throwing a lot of money at this problem before you find a solution. I would take it to a dealer so they can hook it up to a IQDM (handheld computer)

Mel 19 months ago

My CC 48 V Precedent -2009 has a pregnant pause every time accelerator is pressed. Let up step down and it goes.

Potentiometer? (Mcore)?


Mcore switch?

Anything else?

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