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How to Replace a Coolant Temperature Sensor

Coolant temperature sensor.
Coolant temperature sensor. | Source

A bad coolant temperature sensor (CTS or ECT--engine coolant temperature sensor) can seriously disrupt the fuel system and engine operation of your car.

That's because the ECT sensor tells the Electronic Control Module (ECM-your car computer) at what temperature the engine is operating, so the computer can make some important decisions. For example:

  • how much fuel the engine needs
  • when to go into closed loop operation (to monitor and adjust engine operation)
  • whether to advance or retard the spark (for best ignition system operation)
  • and make other adjustments for optimal engine performance

As you can see, a bad CTS can really mess up engine performance:

  • A permanently closed (electrically shorted) coolant sensor will cause an increase in fuel consumption and potential damage to the catalytic converter.
  • A permanently open (broken circuit) coolant sensor will starve the engine of fuel.

Luckily, this is a simple repair on most vehicle models. You can replace a bad CTS in your car following a few simple guidelines and precautions. After confirming that your coolant temperature sensor has failed, follow the steps in this guide to restore engine performance and save in car repair costs.

OK. So now the question is, Can you replace the CTS yourself without much experience in car repair?

Well, that will depend on your particular vehicle model. Replacing the sensor itself is easy, getting to the sensor is another matter. The good news is that, on most cars, the sensor attaches to the cylinder head or block where you can have easy access to it. However, on some models you may need to remove large components like the intake manifold to reach it. This usually happens with V engine models. Even so, you may still be able to replace it at home. So keep on reading.

Index
Potential Symptoms of a Failed Coolant Temperature Sensor
Coolant Temperature Sensor Replacement
Two Important Facts About Coolant Temperature Sensor Replacement
A bad CTS may cause your engine to overheat even with enough coolant in the system.
A bad CTS may cause your engine to overheat even with enough coolant in the system. | Source

Potential Symptoms of a Failed Coolant Temperature Sensor

Although the next indicators may point to a bad ECT sensor, problems in a different system may also show the same symptoms. That's why it's important to troubleshoot your coolant temperature sensor before installing a new replacement.

  • Engine hard to start
  • Driveability problems
  • Diagnostic trouble codes: P0117, P0118, P0128. They'll show up on some models.
  • Poor fuel economy
  • Cooling fan fails to run (on some models)

A failed CTS can increase fuel consumption.
A failed CTS can increase fuel consumption. | Source

Coolant Temperature Sensor Replacement

OK. So now you're ready to replace the ECT sensor.

1. Park your car in a safe place where you can work comfortably and let the engine cool.

2. Place a clean drain pan under the radiator, open the radiator valve and drain about two to three quarts of coolant (or just enough to drop the level below the sensor). Then close the drain valve. This will minimize coolant waste when you remove the CT sensor.

3. Locate the coolant temperature sensor.

  • On most inline engine models (four or six cylinders), look for the sensor around the upper section of the engine block or around the cylinder head.
  • On most V8 (and some V6) engines, you may find it also around the upper part of the engine or under the intake manifold.
  • Look for a one inch diameter (approximately) nut with a two-wire electrical connector on top.


NOTE: A couple of suggestions here. If you can't locate the sensor, consult the vehicle repair manual for your particular car make and model. Also, even if your manual says that you have to remove a large component to access the sensor (such as the intake manifold) look for other, potential components you may remove instead to reach the sensor. You may find an alternative way to reach the sensor, if you have the correct tools. Your repair manual will have instructions on how to remove whatever part you need to remove.

4. Once you've reached the sensor, unplug the sensor electrical connector. Be careful when disconnecting the sensor. You may need to press a tab or pry loose a retainer wire before you can unplug the connector. Some sensors use a mounting clip you can pry off using a thin screwdriver or scratch awl.

5. Use a six point wrench, deep socket or line wrench for a firm grip.

6. Compare the new coolant temperature sensor to the old one; both should have the same configuration.

7. Depending on your particular application, install a new sealing washer, or apply a light coat of an approved sealer, or wrap Teflon tape around the threads of the new sensor (give it a couple of turns). This will keep coolant from leaking. Consult your car repair manual, if necessary.

8. Hand start and finger tight the sensor in the engine. Then tighten the sensor with a six point wrench, deep socket or line wrench. Torque the sensor to the specification listed in your repair or service manual. Apply the correct torque: Overtightening the new unit may ruin the threads or bottom out the sensor against the engine and break it.

9. Plug in the coolant sensor electrical connector.

10. Reinstall any components you may've had to remove to access the CT sensor.

11. Replace the coolant you previously drained, or refill the radiator with fresh coolant.

12. Start the engine and let it idle. Wait for the engine to reach operating temperature.

13. Check for coolant leaks around the sensor threads.

The following video will give a visual idea on replacing the coolant temperature sensor.

Two Important Facts About Coolant Temperature Sensor Replacement

  • Keep in mind that not all coolant temperature sensors are made equal. ECT sensors differ somehow in operation and rating. Buy the correct sensor for your particular vehicle make and model. Otherwise, your car computer will work with incorrect data for your engine and driveability problems will persist.
  • When replacing the sensor, closely check the weather seal at the sensor electrical connector. This weather seal is easy to misalign when you plug back in the connector, which will cause the new sensor connector to rust and fail sooner than expected.

On some models, the cooling fan will stop working with a failed CTS.
On some models, the cooling fan will stop working with a failed CTS. | Source

If you have decided to replace the coolant temperature sensor, you might want to replace the coolant in the system as well, if its service schedule is coming up, since you have to remove some of the coolant. Also, for a more complete repair job project, you may want to replace the thermostat as well. If you haven't changed it in the last four or five years. A thermostat will eventually fail and you'll find yourself removing the coolant again soon. Check the vehicle repair manual for your particular vehicle make and model. It'll have the correct coolant to use for your vehicle, identify the correct components and location and offer you the steps to follow for the maintenance job.

Replacing the CTS yourself can save you about $150 in repairs or more, depending on your particular vehicle model. And the best part is that, for most models, the sensor is readily accessible, so the averaged car owner can perform this repair at home using common tools. All you need is one or two hours of work in your garage in a Saturday morning. And if you want to keep your cooling system—and engine—working at its best, don't forget to check the system periodically, and service it at your manufacturer recommended intervals.

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