How to Replace the Power Steering Pump on a Dodge Durango or Ram Truck
Dodge Durango Power Steering Pump Replacement
A leaky or malfunctioning power steering pump can be dangerous if not repaired or replaced.
But replacing a power steering pump in your Dodge Durango (or other Dodge vehicle with a 318 cubic-inch (5.2 liter) engine) doesn’t have to be a costly or difficult job. This article will take you step-by step through the process.
The tools required for replacing the steering pump are common metric tools for the most part. But the use of a pulley remover is mandatory, because of the method used to attach the pulley to the Durango power steering pump itself.
This project should only cost you about $75 depending on where you get the new power steering pump.
Take your time and you should have no problems with this project.
As always when working on your engine, remove the battery connections to ensure the engine doesn't start accidentally while you are replacing the power steering pump.
Beginning the Steering Pump Replacement Process
Start out by removing the serpentine belt by putting pressure on the spring retainer until the belt can be safely removed. Detach the positive battery clamp from the terminal for safety’s sake.
If there is no diagram on the engine itself, note down the way the serpentine belt is placed around the particular pulleys.
The steering pump is attached to an engine retaining bracket. The bracket must first be removed from the engine before the power steering pump itself can be accessed.
First, remove the two pressure and return hydraulic lines from the steering pump by compressing the retaining clamps. You can catch a small amount of steering fluid in a container and empty the balance from the reservoir later.
The bracket is attached to the engine with four bolts. Remove these bolts and note which one goes where in the bracket.
We removed the radiator hose from the radiator in order to have more working room and to allow easier removal and replacement of the Dodge power steering pump. This also makes removing and replacing the steel hydraulic lines easier.
Pump Pulley Removal and Replacement
With the bracket bolts removed, it should be easy to pull the old power steering pump from the engine compartment.
You can return the old power steering pump for the deposit; it wil be rebuilt if it isn’t damaged beyond repair.
'Remove the cap containing the dipstick from the reservoir and place it aside. Many new or aftermarket rebuilt power steering pumps do not include a new reservoir check cap with the purchase.
At this point you may finish emptying the remaining power steering fluid from the reservoir into a closed container.
When you refill the new power steering pump, always use with new fluid. A malfunctioning steering pump may have introduced metal particles into the fluid which could damage the new pump if the fluid is reused.
Place the assembly on a stable working surface while removing and replacing the pulley and steering pump from the engine retaining bracket. While we used a standard 3-prong pulley remover, the 3-prong puller, if not used carefully, may warp the pulley. So I suggest you rent a tool made just for this purpose. Both AutoZone and O’Reilly auto parts stores will lend you a special tool for a deposit which will be returned after use.
You will want to rent, borrow, or buy something like this for easy removal of power steering pump pulleys.
Replacing the Steering Pump
Once the pulley is removed, you can access the two bolts that hold the steering pump to the engine retaining bracket. You may need to use the old hydraulic line fittings from the old pump if new fittings are not supplied with the new steering pump. But new fittings are inexpensive if you want to be sure of having no leaks, The choice is yours.
With the fittings replaced, you may now reverse the order of the removal process, including using the special tool to press the pulley onto the new pump. Once the power steering pump is back in place and the lines reattached, it is time to refill the reservoir with new power steering fluid. Replace the serpentine belt and start the engine.
Bleeding the Steering System
Bleed the system by turning the steering wheel slowly from side to side without putting pressure against the stops. Turn off the engine and top up the fluid until the level remains in the safe area and the steering is smooth. Check for leaks and the job is done! Return the special pulley tool, and get your deposit back for it and the old power steering pump.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.