Hardlymoving writes about do-it-yourself automobile maintenance on various makes and models.
Tips Before You Get Started
When you replace the spark plugs on your Camry, I recommend replacing them with iridium plugs as a simple and safe way to enhance performance: see the discussion at the end of this article.
Clean the PCV Valve
At the same time you replace the plugs, either clean or replace the PCV (Positive Crankcase Ventilation) valve, which is located on the valve cover between the number 2 and 3 ignition wires. The PCV valve channels unburned carbon blow-by gases back into your combustion chamber. A valve stuck closed will allow these gases to react with the motor oil and possibly cause the formation of engine oil sludge, a subject that was controversial for Toyota in the late '90s. In addition, a PCV valve stuck closed will create internal engine pressures that can cause oil to leak through the crankshaft, camshaft, and/or oil pump seals, requiring their replacement.
Track Down Valve Cover Leaks
When you pull the ignition wires to gain access to the plugs, you will see a valve cover locking nut for each spark plug hole. These nuts have a tendency to loosen, allowing oil to leak from the back side of the valve cover. In very bad cases, oil will leak from behind the front passenger side wheel. Re-tightening these nuts will eliminate the leakage. If an oil leak continues to this area after tightening up the valve cover nuts, the leak may be coming from:
- a worn crankshaft, camshaft or oil pump seal, or
- a worn oil pump rubber gasket.
The procedures for replacing these parts can be found in my article on timing belt replacement.
Oil Leak Inside The Spark Plug Tube
If you notice an oil on your ignition wire where it connects to your spark plug, the 7.5 minute video below shows you how to fix it:
Spark Plug Tube Oil Leak Repair - Toyota I4 5SFE
I. Removing the Spark Plugs
- Spray the ignition wire clips with silicone spray and detach wires from the clips. If you do this without lubrication, you run the risk of breaking the clip off of the valve cover.
- Detach the right-most driver's side ignition wire from the coil pack; otherwise, there will not be enough wire length to remove the wire from the spark plug tube.
- Pinch, twist and pull up on the rubber ignition wire nipple above the rectangular cap to detach the wire from the plug. If this proves difficult, pinch and pull with long-nose needle-nose pliers using the base of the valve cover for leverage.
*WARNING: Regardless of how careful you are removing the wires, you run the risk of damaging the wire if the wire does not detach easily from the plug. It could be stuck due to the ignition wire's rubber boot fusing to the plug's ceramic insulator. Use silicone or di-electric grease on the boots during re-installation.
- Remove the plugs using a 3/8 socket wrench attached to a 4" extension and 5/8" spark plug socket. If the plugs seem frozen in place, spray penetrating oil into the plug hole and let the oil saturate the threads. Combine loosening and tightening action to allow the oil to migrate.
II. PCV Valve Removal and Cleaning
- Using long-nose needle-nose pliers, position the plier tips under the lip of the PCV base and use the valve cover as a leverage base to pull up on the valve.
- Position the PCV hose clamp away from the PCV outlet and twist off the valve from the hose.
- Shake the PCV valve. If it is relatively free of carbon, you can hear the spring inside when you shake it. Either way, spray Carb Cleaner into both openings of the valve, seal the openings with your thumb and index finger, then shake the valve. Keep shaking until the internal spring and plunger move freely. Drain out the Carb Cleaner.
- Reverse above steps for re-installation.
III. Tighten the Valve Cover Locking Nuts
- Use a 30mm 1/2" socket.
- Alternate the tightening sequence from the inside out. That is: plug holes 3, 1, 2, 4, in that order. Do not completely tighten each nut. Gradually spread out the tension.
IV. Install the New Spark Plugs
- If the threads in the cylinder head seem corroded, use a thread-chasing tool to clean them up.
- Use anti-seize lubricant on the spark plug threads to prevent plug seizure for the next change.
- Don't use a 1/2" socket wrench to install the new plugs. A 3/8" provides just about the right amount of torque for a tight spark plug fit. If you aren't sure about the proper amount of tension, use a 3/8" torque wrench.
- Lubricate the tips and the interior caps of the ignition wires with silicone or di-electric grease to ease installation and future removal.
- Carefully attach the ignition wire clips. Too much pressure will snap the clip off the valve cover.
Try Iridium Plugs
To keep your Camry in top-notch running condition, consider replacing the standard factory double-electrode spark plugs with iridium plugs. Iridiums generate a bigger spark, last just as long as platinum plugs, and are now the auto industry standard on new vehicles. It's the simplest and cheapest performance enhancement you can make to improve fuel economy and power.
Denso and NGK were the first to provide these plugs, which were very expensive when first introduced over 10 years ago. Now Champion, Autolite, and Bosch provide their own versions at competitive prices. The standard center electrode diameter is 0.6 mm; Denso is the only company with a 0.4 mm plug, which produces a hotter spark but sacrifices longevity. Iridiums work extremely well in forced-induction turbo applications where air and fuel are "rammed" into a combustion chamber, a process requiring high-quality plugs for complete and efficient combustion.
Although some will refuse to deviate from the manufacturer's stated spark plug brand and type, iridium plugs have been thoroughly tested by the auto industry and are standard on many new car applications. Replacing the obsolete spark plug design with new-state-of-the-art Iridiums will not harm the engine in any way.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
Questions & Answers
Question: What do you gage the spark plugs at?
Answer: I don't. I use Iridium spark plugs and they come pre-gapped. Also, the plug manufacturers do no recommend gapping these plugs.
Question: What do you gage the spark plugs for a Toyota Camry at?
Answer: I plugs come pre-gapped.
Question: What are the torque specifications for the spark plugs, and the valve cover?
Answer: I usually torque down plugs to around 18 lbs to prevent them from loosening up. For valve cover nuts, I don't use torque specs; I just spread the tension down evenly with a new gasket until the nuts stop moving.
Question: I have an 01 Camry and didn't mark the wires and coil pack, which wire goes to which coil?
Answer: Recommend you purchase a Haynes repair manual or do a google search of the wiring diagram for your car.
Question: What is the torque specifications for Toyota Camry 1999 rocker cover (spark plug) tube nuts?
Answer: I don't use a torque wrench. I distribute torque evenly to all the nuts until they stop moving. Suggest you use a 3/8 ratchet wrench in lieu of 1/2 if afraid of over-torquing. I give a few days for the new gasket to set and re-check the tension.
Question: Some spark plug MFRs state that anti-seize is not recommended due to the propensity to over-torque the plugs, and that the plating on the threads is designed to prevent seizure when installing dry. Is this correct?
Answer: Yes and no. I have pulled out plugs where there was some slight rust build up. On cast iron heads, I apply a very light coat of anti-seize. On aluminum, I avoid anti-seize unless the screw-out removal of the old plugs had hang points.
© 2010 hardlymoving
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on January 31, 2019:
Don't know but my preference is either NGK or Denso. Of the two, I'd go with Denso.
Floppocket. on January 31, 2019:
Hi, great article. Just wanting some advice on whether the Bosch FGR7DQI platinum and iridium plugs will go ok in my 98 2.2lt FE. Thanks.
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on July 18, 2018:
You're right but haven't had problems switching to the iridium plugs. The cheaper iridiums have the platinum pads and I've used them where NGK or Denso wasn't available. They've worked fine as well.
Daijoubu on July 18, 2018:
It is not mentioned in this article but the 5SFE is a waste spark system, thus why the double grounds platinum is recommended. NGK Laser Iridium IFR6T11 or the Denso Iridium Twin-Tip IK20TT but I'd avoid regular Iridium plugs without a platinum pad/tips on the ground side.
Tammy on September 16, 2017:
Been working/having issues with my wires, now wondering about the plugs and what's right for my 97 Camry. This info was so helpful and clarified if I can use iridium or platinum plugs. And the proper way to change my wire set. Thank you!
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on June 09, 2013:
You should notice a mild increase in fuel economy as well.
david on June 09, 2013:
Following the instruction, just replaced Iridium Spark Plugs !
Everything is ordered from this page's link from Amazon.
Noticed power increase a bit. The sounds feel a little like to drive 2012's new Toyota.
Thank you hardlymoving !
pomysean on April 28, 2013:
I really appreciate your Spark plug replacing information. I want also change for my car but the problem is that which plug I can use? I found following Bosch plugs, please see and tell me about these.
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on March 28, 2013:
Is you MIL/Check Engine light on? If so, go to AutoZone or Oreilly's and they're download the code for you and tell you what's wrong.
With respect to poor performance, it could be a lot of things such as: bad ignition wires, bad O2/Oxygen sensor, clogged air and/or fuel filter, clogged PCV valve, bad coil pack, failing fuel pump or one of your sensors tied to your PCM (Power Train Control Module - or Computer).
Emma on March 28, 2013:
My toyota camry 1999 4cylinders LE consunes a lot of gas than normal.pkease any advice on what to do?i changed the spark plugs and the problem still continues.meanwhile,if it is climbing hiill,it makes a lot of noise,and would not fire to climb quickly.please any advice would b appreciated.i am emmanuel.
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on January 28, 2012:
Today's cars do not need a timing gun to adjust the timing. The car's computer auto-adjusts.
david on January 28, 2012:
So you are saying no need to turning the crankshaft pulley, and align its groove with the timing
mark using a timing gun, after the spark plugs replacement ? Thanks
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on January 27, 2012:
The timing belt replacement should be performed at the specific time or mileage interval set by the manufacturer. On the Camry 5SFE it is either 60 or 90k miles or around every six years.
David on January 27, 2012:
After the Spark Plugs replaced, does the timing belt need to be readjusted ? Thanks
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on August 25, 2011:
It's probably the rear sway bar bushings or links. Here's the article I wrote to fix it:
amnit on August 25, 2011:
I have purchased used camry and there is a funny noise coming from rear of the car when ever it passes from hump or when I turn.I checked every corner of boot and nothing is loose, took spare tyre out, removed back seat, speakers and still sound is coming as something is rattling. Got exhaust checked and they said something is in fuel tank. I am surprised how something can get into tank. They said mounting boots are fine, shocks are good, boot is not making this noise. It is giving me headache please help
hardlymoving (author) from Memphis, TN on January 29, 2011:
If anything, the higher efficiency Iridiums will make your catalytic converter last longer. The O2 sensor is a normal wear item that last approximately 90k miles on most Camrys and won't be effected by the plugs.
Andy on January 28, 2011:
Thank you for all of your detailed Camry advice and instruction! I'm wondering if you could address an issue pertaining to your recommendation of spark plugs. In this article, you advocate using Iridium spark plugs over the manufacturer recommended Platinum plugs. While you say that the Iridium plugs won't hurt engines (I have a '99 Camry LE 4-cyl.), is there any chance that the increased efficiency and performance could affect or hurt other components? Say, the catalytic converter or oxygen sensors? Thank you.