Hardlymoving writes about do-it-yourself automobile maintenance on various makes and models.
A Common Problem
A common but simple cold-weather problem with the 4 cylinder 5SFE model Camry is the Idle Air Control (IAC) valve sporadically sticking. This value should close during cold engine start-up to restrict airflow. Restricted airflow will provide a rich air/fuel mixture and prevent engine stalls. A rich mixture should normally result in a higher-than-normal idle speed (approximately 1,400-1,600 rpm). The RPMs will drop as the engine warms up.
If your cold engine starts, stays at around 850 RPM, then eventually stalls, the IAC is stuck in the open position due to carbon and varnish accumulated by blow-by gases.
This buildup can be dissolved by spraying carburetor cleaner solvent into the IAC port, a small rectangular port opening in the mouth of the throttle body. You can access this port by disconnecting the throttle-body-to-airbox hose clamp, twisting and pulling the hose off, and then pushing the hose away from the throttle body opening. Apply a liberal amount of solvent in the port opening. Re-connect the hose and turn the engine on and off a few times to allow the IAC valve to loosen the carbon and varnish build-up. As the solvent is being burned off, some smoke will blow out through the exhaust pipe.
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If the above procedure doesn't fix the problem, consider replacing the IAC, which will require removing the throttle body assembly.
Camry I4 5SFE Throttle Body & Idle Air Control (IAC) Cleaning Video
This video will show you how to remove and clean the throttle body on Toyota vehicles with the 4-cylinder 5-SFE engine typically found on the older model Camry, RAV4, and Celica. Over time, the carbon buildup can make the throttle body plate "stick" resulting in engine response lag, the plate opening too much or too fast, and erratic idle.
Since the Idle Air Control valve (IAC) is attached to the bottom of the throttle body, removing the throttle body gives us the opportunity to clean this component as well. A stuck IAC valve will result in a too high or too low engine idle, rough idle, and engine stall during warmup. The carbon build-up is the result of PCV and EGR gases being sucked in or injected into the intake manifold and backing up against the throttle body's throttle plate and components. To reduce carbon buildup, you can install an aftermarket oil catch can.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.