The Secondary Air Pump
The 1989 Chevrolet is now considered a classic car! But although the car is a classic, that also means that it's... old. And if things haven't gone wrong by now, they will certainly start soon! It can be a challenge with these older models to keep up with the various parts that are wearing out after so many years of service.
On the one hand, it's a pain replacing parts. It feels like every time you replace something, another thing breaks. But on the other hand, these parts are thirty years old! All parts need to be replaced eventually. Let's learn how to replace the secondary air pump.
Replace or Repair?
Replacing parts can become expensive, especially if several parts need replacing within a short period of time.
Sometimes a part you thought needed to be replaced really only needs some tender loving care to get it back to work. The secondary air pump can be one of those parts.
I'll show you what I did to get the secondary air pump working just fine again.
How the Secondary Air System Works Inside
The secondary air pump, pictured above and below, helps burn fuel in the exhaust by forcing air into the system before the catalytic converter.
The secondary air pump is simply a fan inside of the container.
- There are two fins mounted on a rod.
- The rod is connected to the center position of the pulley, at the front of the container. The other end of the rod is connected to the back of the container off-center.
- The rod being off-center at the back creates an oscillating motion. When the serpentine belt turns the pulley, the pulley turns the rod and the rod turns in an oscillating fashion.
- The oscillating of the rod causes the fins mounted on it to move in and out smoothly through the slots.
- The fins spinning around create wind, just like a fan, oscillating in and out, round and round.
The secondary air system does a lot of work. Not hard work, but constant work.
These fins can only turn in one direction. The edge is beveled to allow one direction of rotation. After thirty years of spinning in this one direction, they are well worn.
My Secondary Air Pump Jammed
The pump on this 1989 Chevy truck finally ceased after multiple misalignments with the power steering pump pulley. These misalignments would throw the serpentine belt off. Eventually, the pulley simply stopped. The serpentine belt smoked as it spun around the secondary air pump by force of the engine still turning.
When the engine was turned off the serpentine belt was ruined and the secondary air pump pulley could not be turned by any means! It had to be removed and repaired.
What Happened Inside This Pump?
My first thought was to replace the old pump with a newly rebuilt pump. It sounds simple enough until you try to find one! All of the parts for these older trucks are no longer produced. Rebuild is the only option (if you can even find one). This pump, it turns out, is very difficult to find.
There are several that are very similar, but the intake attachment is mounted on the back, whereas this model is mounted on the top.
As my frustration mounted trying to find this pump I started thinking, "What exactly happened inside of this pump anyways?"
If I have to buy a rebuild, why not rebuild it myself? The worst thing that could happen is I break it more than it already is.
There are only three bolts holding it together, so why not!
Steps to Removing the Secondary Air Pump
First I had to get the secondary air pump out of the engine. Removing it is a breeze (see photo gallery below):
- Disconnect the negative battery cable to avoid an accidental start.
- Remove the serpentine belt if you still have one in place (the serpentine belt on this truck was burned and thrown off).
- I removed the pulley to provide more area for my hands to manipulate the pump. There are 3 bolts holding the pulley in place. To keep the pulley from spinning as you remove the 3 bolts use a long screwdriver wedged between the other 2 bolts.
- Remove the bolts from the top intake attachment.
- Remove the top and the bottom mounting bolts.
- Remove the pump from the engine.
Accessing the Inside of the Secondary Air Pump
On the back of the pump are three bolts. Remove them and the back will slide out with the rod. That is all there is to it.
When I slid the back off, I saw the problem immediately. One of the fins had not gone through the slot properly and jammed itself. With the back off I was able to manipulate the cylinder until the fin came loose and was back in position.
The cylinder was dry with soot inside. The rod did not spin easily inside the cylinder so I went through and cleaned the back, inside the cylinder, and the route of the fins. I added oil where parts were not moving smoothly.
Carefully sliding the back onto the front with the cylinder, I positioned the rod correctly inside the front piece, where it connects to the pulley on the outside and replaced the bolts.
I was then able to turn the pulley on the outside without a problem.
Remounting The Secondary Air Pump
Putting the secondary air pump back in was slightly more difficult than getting it out. The mounts are a tight fit and the bolt holes must be aligned before you can put a bolt through them. Be patient and you'll get it. Another pair of hands can be helpful too.
Once you have the mounting bolts back in attach the top intake (or rear mounting) to the pump with its bolts.
Put the pulley back on the pump, if you took it off. Make sure to use the special bolts that were originally in it. Torque to specification.
Replace the serpentine belt and attach the negative battery cable, and you're good to go!
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Joanna